History and Classification

  • Wayne Ernest Brownell
Part of the Applied Mineralogy book series (MINERALOGY, volume 9)


The ancients made bricks by hand from materials of the earth which seemed to be naturally suitable. This was some years after the great flood, probably about 4500 years ago, and the people were, no doubt, located in Mesopotamia along the Euphrates River or its tributaries. This area is now part of Iraq. It is clear that the art of brickmaking had already advanced into the process of firing to make them hard, durable, and esthetically attractive. Simple molds were probably used by these people to make the bricks true in shape and size.


Industrial Revolution Scientific Revolution Steam Engine Sewer Pipe Brick Kiln 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wayne Ernest Brownell
    • 1
  1. 1.New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred UniversityAlfredUSA

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