Advertisement

The Position and Extent of the Human Dentate Nucleus

  • P. Gortvai
  • S. Teruchkin
Conference paper
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 21)

Abstract

There have been several accounts in the literature in recent years of the relief of spasticity and of movement disorders by surgical destruction of all or part of the dentate nucleus (Toth 1961, Heimburger 1967, Zervas et al. 1967, Siegfried et al. 1970). Thalamic lesions have been known to alleviate rigidity and involuntary movement, but in most, if not all cases, a thalamic lesion fails to improve spasticity and some types of involuntary movement, especially choreoathetosis (Gortvai 1964). The failure of thalamotomy in such cases provides one of the driving forces in the search for another neuronal system as the target for therapeutic stereotactic surgery.

Keywords

Sagittal Plane Coronal Plane Involuntary Movement Dentate Nucleus Lateral Border 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Andrew, J., Watkins, E. S. (1969), A stereotaxic atlas of the human thalamus and adjacent structures, p. 3. Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Co.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gortvai, P. (1964), Surgery in disorders of movement other than Parkinsonism. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 27, 585–586.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Heimburger, R. F., Whitlock, C. C. (1965), Stereotaxic destruction of the human dentate nucleus. Confin. Neurol. 26, 346–358.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Heimburger, R. F., Whitlock, C. C. (1967), Dentatectomy in the treatment of dyskinetic disorders. Confin. Neurol. 29, 101–106.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Siegfried, J., Esslen, E., Gretener, V., Ketz, E., Perret, E. (1970), Functional anatomy of the dentate nucleus in the light of stereotaxic operations. Confin. Neurol. 32, 1–1. 0.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Slaughter, D. G., Nashold, Jr. B. S. (1968), Stereotactic co-ordinates for the human dentate nucleus. Confin. Neurol. 30, 375–384.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Toth, S. (1961), The effect of the removal of the nucleus dentatus on the parkinsonian syndrome. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 24, 143–147.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Gortvai
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Teruchkin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryInstitute of NeurologyLondonEngland
  2. 2.The Regional Centre for Neurology and NeurosurgeryOldchurch HospitalRomford, EssexEngland

Personalised recommendations