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Canine Distemper Virus

  • M. J. G. Appel
  • J. H. Gillespie
Part of the Virology Monographs / Die Virusforschung in Einzeldarstellungen book series (VIROLOGY, volume 11)

Abstract

Distemper is not a very precise description of a disease entity, and the Oxford Dictionary lists a vast number of different meanings for the word “distemper”: “It argues sickness and distemper in the mind as well as in the body.” In connection with dogs it has been applied for centuries for “that fatal disorder proper to the canine race called par excellence, the distemper”. Besides rabies, canine distemper (CD) is the only virus disease in dogs with a high mortality rate. It has a worldwide distribution and only few dogs in isolated areas remain without contact with the virus. According to some reports (Kirk, 1922; Geiger, 1939) CD made its first appearance in Europe in Spain in 1761, introduced from either Asia or Peru. From Spain it spread to all European countries within the same century. Jenner, well known for his development of a successful smallpox vaccine, made its first accurate description in 1809.

Keywords

Inclusion Body Viral Antigen Measle Virus Canine Distemper Virus Chick Embryo Fibroblast 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. G. Appel
    • 1
  • J. H. Gillespie
    • 2
  1. 1.Veterinary Virus Research InstituteCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology New York State Veterinary CollegeCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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