Advertisement

Coordination Chemistry in Proton-containing Donor Solvents

  • Viktor Gutmann

Abstract

The most important structural feature of proton-containing solvents is the occurrance of hydrogen bonding in the liquid states. The strength of the hydrogen bond varies from solvent to solvent and the degree of association is also characteristic for each solvent.

Keywords

Coordination Chemistry Proton Affinity Hydrogen Sulphide Proton Transfer Reaction Donor Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Gurney, R. W.: “Ionic Processes in Solution,” McGraw Hill, London 1953.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Franklin, E. C.: “The Nitrogen System of Compounds,” Reinhold Puhl. Corp. New York 1935.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yost, D.M., and H. Rijssell, Jr.: “Systematic Inorganic Chemistry,” Prentice HallGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jander, G.: „Die Chemie in wasserähnlichen Lösungsmitteln“, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg 1949.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bergström, F. W., and W. C. Fernelius: Chem. Revs. 12, 43 (1933); 20, 413 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fernelius, W. C., and. G. B. Bowman: Chem. Revs. 26, 3 (1940).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Audrieth, L. F., and J. Kleinberg: “Non-Aqueous Solvents,” Wiley, New York 1953.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kraus, C. A.: J. Chem. Educ. 30, 83 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Birch, A. J.: Quart. Revs. 4, 69 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Watt, G. W.: Chem. Revs. 46, 289, 317 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jolly, W. L.: J. Chem. Educ. 33, 512 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Birch, A. J., and H. Smith: Quart. Revs. 12, 17 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sisler, H. H.: “Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Solvents,” Reinhold Publ. Corp. New York 1961.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fowles, G. W. A., and D. Nicholls: Quart. Revs. 16, 19 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jolly, W. L., and C. J. Hallada: “Non-Aqueous Solvent Systems,” Ed. T. C. Waddington, Acad. Press, London and New York 1965.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jander, J.: Vol. I, Part 1 of “Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Ionizing Solvents,” Ed. C. C. Addison, G. Jander, and H. Spandau, Vieweg and Interscience, Braunschweig, New York and London. 1966.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Smith, H.: Vol. I, Part 2 of “Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Ionizing Solvents,” Ed. G. Jander, H. Spandau, and C. C. Addison, Vieweg and Interscience, Braunschweig, New York and London. 1963.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Olavsson, J., and D. H. Templeton: Acta Cryst. 12, 840 (1959).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lunn S. R. and L. R. Green: J. Phys. Chem. 64, 1066 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Audrieth, L. F.: Angew. Chem. 45, 385 (1934).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Franklin, E. C.: J. Phys. Chem. 15, 509 (1901).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bergstrom, F. W.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 45, 2792 (1923); 46, 1545 (1924); 48, 2848 (1926); 50, 652 (1928).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fitzgerald, F. F.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 29, 656 (1907).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Franklin, E. C.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 29, 274 (1907).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pleskov, V. A., and A, M. Monoszon: Acta Phys.-Chim. USSR 1, 713; 2, 615 (1935).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mandel, M.: Nature 176, 792 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ogg, R. A., Jr.: Disc. Faraday Soc. No. 17, 215 (1954).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wiesendanger, H. U. D., W. H. Jones, and C. S. Garnet: J. Chem. Phys. 27, 668 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Mulder, H. D., and F. C. Schmidt: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 73, 5575 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Coulter, L. V., J. R. Sinclair, A. G. Cole, and G. C. Roper: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 81, 2986 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Element, R., and O. Koch: Chem. Ber. 87, 333 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Becke-Goehring, M., and E. Fluck: Angew. Chem. 74, 382 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Utvary, K., V. Gutmann, and Ch. Kemenater: Mh. Chem. 96, 1751 (1965).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Piper, T. S., and E. G. Rochow: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 76, 4318 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Muetterties, E. L.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 82, 1082 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Schenk, P. W., and J. B. P. Tripathi: Angew. Chem. 74, 116 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Joannis, A.: Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris 135, 1106 (1902).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Parry, R, W., D. R. Schultz, and P. R. Girardot: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 80, 1 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Fowles, G. W. A.: Progr. Inorg. Chem. 6, 1 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Fowles, G. W. A., P. G. Lanigan, and D. Nicholls: Chem. Ind. (London) 1961, 1167.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Nicholls, D.: J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 24, 1001 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Edwards, D, A., and G, W. A. Fowles: J. Less Common Metals 4, 512 (1962).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Fowles, G. W. A., and D. Nicholls: J. Chem. Soc. 1961, 65.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Cavell, R. G., and H. C. Clark: J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 17, 257 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Fowles, G. W. A., and D. Nicholls: J. Chem. Soc. 1958, 1687.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Fowles, G. W. A., and F. H. Pollard: J. Chem. Soc. 1952, 4938.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Mouren, H., and C. Hamblett: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 59, 33 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Schmitz-Dumont, O., J. Pilzecker, and H. F. Piepenbrink: Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 248, 175 (1941).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Schmitz-Dumont, O., P. Simons, and G. Broja: Z. anorg. allg. Chem. 258, 307 (1949).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Kraus, C. A.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 30, 653, 1197, 1323 (1908).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Kraus, C. A.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 43, 749 (1921).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Kraus, C. A.: Chem. Revs. 8, 251 (1931).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Cady, H. P.: J. Phys. Chem. 1, 707 (1897).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Kraus, C. A.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 44, 1941 (1922).Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Gibson, G. E., G. E. Phipps, and T. E. Phipps: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 48, 312 (1926).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Johnson, W. C., and A. W. Meyer: Chem. Revs. 8, 273 (1931).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Kraus, C. A., and W. W. Lucasse: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 43, 2529 (1921).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Dye, J. L., R. F. Sankuer, and G. E. Smith: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 82, 4797 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Gold, M., and W. L. Jolly: Inorg. Chem. 1, 818 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Hallada, C. J., and W. L. Jolly: Inorg. Chem. 2, 1076 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Freed, S., and N. Sugarmann: J. Chem. Phys. 11, 354 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Zintl, E., J. Goubeau, and W. Dullenkopf: Z. Phys. Chem. A 154, 1 (1931).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Zintl, E., and G. A. Harder: Z. Physik. Chem. A154, 47 (1931).Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Schechter, W. H., H. H. Sisler, and J. Kleinberg: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 70, 267 (1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Schechter, W. H., J. K. Thompson, and J. Kleinberg: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 71, 1816 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Thompson, J. K., and J. Kleinberg: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 73, 1243 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Stephanou, S. E., W. H. Schechter, W. J. Argersinger, Jr., and J. Kleinberg: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 71, 1819 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Colton, E.: J. Chem. Educ. 31, 527 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Eastes, J. W., and W. M. Burgess: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 64, 1187 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Watt, G. W., J. L. Hall, G. R. Choppin, and P. S. Gentile: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 76, 373 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Hieber, W., and C. Bartenstein: Naturwiss. 13, 300 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Burbage, J. J., and W. C. Fernelius: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 65, 1484 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Davidson, W. A., and J. Kleinberg: J. Phys. Chem. 57, 571 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Watt, G. W., and P. J. Mayfield: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 75, 6178 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Watt, G. W., M. T. Walling, and P. J. Mayfield: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 75, 6175 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Frazer, J. H., and N. Long: J. Chem. Phys. 6, 462 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Aynsley, E. E.: J. Chem. Soc. 1953, 3016.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Behrens, H., and R. Weber: Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 281, 190 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 78.
    Walden, P., and H. Hilgert: Z. Phys. Chem. A 165, 241 (1933).Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Giguüre, P. A., and R. E. Bundle: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 63, 1135 (1941).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Browne, A. W., and T. W. B. Welsh: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 33, 1728 (1911).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Audrieth, L. F., and P. H. Mohr: Ind. Eng. Chem. 43, 1774 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Walden, P., and H. Hilgert: Z. Phys. Chem. A 168, 419 (1934).Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Audrieth, L. F., and P. H. Mohr: Chem. Eng. News 26, 3746 (1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Sutton, G. J.: Australian Chem. Inst. J. and Proc. 16, 115 (1949); Chem. Abstr. 43, 6932 i (1949).Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Audrieth, L. F.: Z. Physik. Chem. A 165, 323 (1933).Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Barlot, J., and S. Marsaule: Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris 228, 1497 (1949).Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Kronberg, M. L., and D. Harker: J. Chem. Phys. 10, 309 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Welsh, T. W. B.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 37, 497 (1915).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Biltz, W., and E. Keunecke: Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 147, 171 (1925).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Ralston, A. W., and J. A. Wilkinson: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 50, 258 (1928).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Jander, G., and H. Schmidt: Wiener Chem. Ztg. 46, 49 (1943).Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Mole, R., and R. Hocart: Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris 230, 2102 (1950).Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Dawson, L. R.: Part 5, Vol. IV, “Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Ionizing Solvents,” Ed. G. Jander, H. Spandaf, and C. C. Addison, Vieweg and Interscience, Braunschweig, London and New York 1963.Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Winkler, G.: Part 3, Vol. IV, “Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Ionizing Solvents,” Ed. G. Jander, H. Spandau, and C. C. Addison, Vieweg and Interscience, Braunschweig, London and New York, 1963.Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Walden, P.: Z. Physik. Chem. 46, 103 (1903).Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Dawson, L. R., and E. J. Griffith: J. Phys. Chem. 56, 281 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Leader, G. R.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 73, 856 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Stafford, O. F.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 55, 3987 (1933).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Rosenheim, A., and W. Stellmann: Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 34, 3377 (1901).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Rohler, G.: Z. Elektrochem. 16, 419 (1910).Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Pavlopoulos, T., and H. Strehlow: Z. Phys. Chem. (N. F.) 2, 89 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Verhoek, F. H.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 58, 2577 (1936).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Jander, G., and G. Winkler: J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 9, 24 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Jander, G., and G. Winkler: J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 9, 32 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Gruttner, B.: Z. anorg. allg. Chem. 270, 221 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Millikan, R. C., and K, S. Pitzer: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 80, 3515 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Lange, J.: Z. Phys. Chem. A 187, 27 (1940).Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Jander, G., and G. Maass: Fortschr. Chem. Forschg. 2, 619 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Heymann, K., and H. Klaus: Part 1, Vol. IV. “Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Ionizing Solvents,” Ed. G. Jander, H. Spandau, Andc. C. Addison, Vieweg and Interscience, Braunschweig, London and New York 1963.Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Knauer, H.: Part 4, Vol. IV, “Chemistry In Non-Aqueous Ionizing Solvents,” Ed. G. Jander, H. Spandau, and C. C. Addison, Vieweg and Interscience, Braunschweig, London and New York 1963.Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Hammett, L. P., and N. Dietz: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 52, 4795 (1930).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Hammett, L. P., and J. R. Deyrup: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 54, 4239 (1932).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Arthur, W. R. B., A. G. Evans, and E. Whittle: J. Chem. Soc. 1959, 1940.Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Jander, G., and H. Klaus; J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 1, 334 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Schlesinger, H. I., and A. W. Martin: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 36, 1589 (1914).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Hall, N. F.: Chem. Revs. 8, 191 (1931).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Hammett, L. P.: Chem. Revs. 13, 61 (1933).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Auerbach, G.: Drug Standards 19, 127 (1951).Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Blumrich, K., and G. Bandel: Angew. Chem. 54, 373 (1941).Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Wagner, C. D., R. H. Brown, and F. D. Peters: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 69, 2609 (1947).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Haslam, J., and P. F. Hearn: Analyst 69, 141 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Harris, J. L.: Biochem. J. 29, 2820 (1935).Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Nadeau, G. F., and L. E. Branchen: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 57, 1363 (1935).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Toennis, G., and T. P. Callan: J. Biol. Chem. 125, 259 (1938).Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Markunas, P. C., and J. A. Riddick: Analyt. Chem. 23, 337 (1951); 24, 1837 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Tomisek, O.: Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm. 13, 116 (1948).Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Conant, J. B., B. F. Chow, and E. M. Dietz: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 56, 2185 (1934).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Harris, L. J.: J. Biol. Chem. 84, 296 (1929).Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Hardt, H. D., and M. Eckle: Z. Analyt. Chem. 197, 160 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Tomicek, O., and J. Dolezal: Acta Pharm. Int. 1, 31 (1950).Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Tomicek, O., and J. Heyrovsky: Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm. 15, 997 (1950).Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Tomicek, O., and J. Valcha: Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm. 16, 113 (1951).Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Ussanovich, M., and T. Ssumarokowa: Zhur. obshch. Khim. USSR 21, 987 (1951); ref. in 110.Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Ussanovich, M., W. Klimov, and T. Ssumarokowa: Dokl. Akad. Nauk USSR 113, 364 (1957).Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Zackrisson, M., and I. Lindqvist: J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 17, 69 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Kinell, P. O., I. Lindqvist, and M. Zackrisson: Acta Chem. Scand. 13, 1159 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Greenwood, N. N., R. L. Martin, and H. J. Emeleus: J. Chem. Soc. 1951, 1328.Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Cotter, J. L., and A. G. Evans: J. Chem. Soc. 1959, 2988.Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Danner, P. S.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 44, 2832 (1922).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Greenwood, N. N., and R. L. Martin: J. Chem. Soc. 1953, 757.Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Goldschmidt, H.: Z. phys. Chem. 99, 144 (1921).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viktor Gutmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Technische Hochschule WienAustria

Personalised recommendations