Cannabis saliva L. (family Moraceae) is a dioecious plant of which two varieties exist, var. indica and var. non indica or typica. The flowering top of the female plant is covered with glandular hairs which secrete a resin. The resin formation ceases when the seeds mature and its function is to protect them during the ripening period. The cannabis resin is known as “hashish” in the Middle East and Europe and as “charas” in India. Frequently not only the resin but the whole flowering top is collected and used. It is then known as “ganja” in India, “kif” in North Africa, “dagga” in South Africa, “marihuana” in North America, “maconha” in Brazil, etc.


Cinnamic Acid Active Constituent Total Synthesis Olefinic Proton Cannabis Sativa 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag / Wien 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Mechoulam
    • 1
  • Y. Gaoni
    • 2
  1. 1.JerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.RehovothIsrael

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