Among the important plant coloring matters used for dyeing and printing in the middle ages or earlier were weld (Reseda luteola), young fustic (wood of Rhus cotinus), old fustic (wood of Chlorophora tinctoria), quercitron bark (Quercus tinctoria), and Persian berries (from various species of Rhamnus), which gave yellow, orange, brown and olive shades on aluminium, tin, chromium and iron mordants. According to Colour Index (1956) they find considerable use even at the present time, especially old fustic, osage orange (from the wood of Maclura pomifera which also contains morin), and quercitron (Flavine) in the U. S. A., for dyeing silk, wool, nylon and leather, for calico printing, and for shading logwood blacks.


Indian Acad Methyl Ether Shikimic Acid Methoxyl Group Monomethyl Ether 
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© Springer-Verlag in Vienna 1959

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Venkataraman
    • 1
  1. 1.PoonaIndia

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