The past decade has been marked by a trend from invasive to noninvasive intraoperative monitoring. As far as respiratory monitoring is concerned, initial experience with transcutaneous gas analysis laid the foundation for widespread clinical use of pulse oximetry and end-tidal gas analysis. It has been long recognized that echocardiography might become an equally useful adjunct to cardiovascular monitoring.
KeywordsMyocardial Ischemia Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Transesophageal Echocardiography Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Cahalan MK. Non-invasive cardiovascular monitoring. 41st Annual Refresher Course Lectures, ASA, Las Vegas, p 411, 1990Google Scholar
- 2.Cahalan MK. Myocardial ischemia and performance. Anesth Clin North Am 9: 581–590, 1991Google Scholar
- 11.Simpson JI. Anesthesia and the patient with co-existing heart disease. Little, Brown, Boston, p 61, 1993Google Scholar
- 13.Heinrich H. Intraoperative echocardiography. In: Roelandt JRT, Sutherland GR, Iliceto S, Linker DT, eds. Cardiac Ultrasound. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, pp 799–802, 1993Google Scholar