Classification and characterization of anemia in cancer

  • M. R. Nowrousian


Anemia can be defined as a condition of decreased red blood cell (RBC) mass, reflected in a decreased hemoglobin and hematocrit level. As a primary parameter, hemoglobin level is usually used to assess the severity of anemia and appears to be more precise than hematocrit level (Keen 1998). In healthy adults, hemoglobin levels range between 13.3–17.7 g/dl in men and 11.7–15.7 g/dl in women (Williams 1988; Fairbanks and Tefferi 2000). According to the World Health Organization, values below 13 g/dl in men and 12 g/dl in women are defined as anemia (World Health Organization 1968).


Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Bone Marrow Infiltration Cold Agglutinin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Nowrousian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine (Cancer Research), West German Cancer CenterUniversity of Essen Medical SchoolEssenGermany

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