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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options

  • Günther Kessler
Part of the Topics in Energy book series (TENE)

Abstract

After unloading from the reactor core, spent fuel contains a mixture of U-238 and unused U-235, newly generated plutonium, higher actinides and fission products. U-235 and plutonium are valuable materials, which can be used again for energy generation, whereas fission products are waste materials, the “nuclear ashes” from “burning” uranium.

Keywords

Fuel Element Fuel Cycle Natural Uranium Nuclear Fuel Cycle Fissile Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Selected Literature

  1. Chang, Y.L, et al.: Alternative Fuel Cycle Options. Argonne National Laboratory, ANL-77–79 (1977).Google Scholar
  2. Conolly, Th.J., et al.: World Nuclear Energy Paths. New York-London: The Rockefeller Foundation/The Royal Institute of International Affairs. 1979.Google Scholar
  3. Data Base for a CANDU PHWR Operating on the Thorium Cycle. Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., AECL-6595 (1979).Google Scholar
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  5. Final Generic Environmental Statement on the Use of Recycle Plutonium in Mixed Oxide Fuel in Light Water Cooled Reactors (GESMO). Washington: US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, NUREG-002 (1976).Google Scholar
  6. International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation, Fuel and Heavy Water Availability. Report of INFCE Working Group 1. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency. 1980.Google Scholar
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  10. Kasten, P., et al.: Assessment of Thorium Fuel Cycles in Power Reactors. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, ORNL/TM-5565 (1977).Google Scholar
  11. Report to the American Physical Society by the Study Group on Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Waste Management. (Pines, D., ed.). Reviews of Modern Physics 50 (1), Part II 0978).Google Scholar
  12. Shapiro, N.L., et al.: Assessment of Thorium Fuel Cycles in PWR’s. Palo Alto, Cal: Electric Power Research Institute, EPRI-NP-359 (1977).Google Scholar
  13. Stehle, H., et al.: Experience with Plutonium Recycle Fuel for Large Light Water Reactors in the Federal Republic of Germany. In: Nuclear Power and Its Fuel Cycle, Proc. Int. Conference, Salzburg, 2–13 May 1977, Vol. 3, pp. 305–322. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency. 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Günther Kessler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Neutronenphysik und ReaktortechnikKernforschungszentrum KarlsruheFederal Republic of Germany

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