Some Basic Physics of Converter and Breeder Reactors

  • Günther Kessler
Part of the Topics in Energy book series (TENE)


The important nuclear reactions in the cores of fission reactors are primarily caused by neutrons interacting with atomic nuclei of the fuel, the coolant, the structural materials and absorber materials. Four main neutron interactions have to be considered:

  • elastic scattering,

  • inelastic scattering,

  • neutron capture,

  • nuclear fission.


Atomic Nucleus Neutron Flux Fission Product Fuel Element Reactor Core 
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Selected Literature

  1. American National Standard for Decay Heat Power in Light Water Reactors. LaGrange Park, 111.: American National Standard Institute/American Nuclear Society, ANSI/ ANS-5.1 (1979).Google Scholar
  2. Fission Product Nuclear Data (FPND) - 1977. Proc. Second Advisory Group Meeting on Fission Product Nuclear Data, Energy Centrum Netherlands, Petten, 5–9 September 1977. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA-213 (1978).Google Scholar
  3. Glasstone, S., Edlund, M.C.: The Elements of Nuclear Reactor Theory. New York: Van Nostrand. 1965.Google Scholar
  4. Glasstone, S., Sesonske, A.: Nuclear Reactor Engineering. New York: Van Nostrand. 1981.Google Scholar
  5. Greenspan, H., etal.: Computing Methods in Reactor Physics. New York: Gordon and Breach. 1968.MATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Hummel, H.H., Okrent, D.: Reactivity Coefficients in Large Fast Power Reactors. Hinsdale, 111.: American Nuclear Society. 1970.Google Scholar
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  8. Lamarsh, J.R.: Introduction to Nuclear Reactor Theory. Reading, Mass.: Addison- Wesley. 1966.Google Scholar
  9. Lamarsh, J.R.: Introduction to Nuclear Engineering. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. 1975.Google Scholar
  10. Lewis, E.E.: Nuclear Power Reactor Safety. New York: John Wiley. 1977.Google Scholar
  11. Meghreblien, R.v., Holmes, D.K.: Reactor Analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1960.Google Scholar
  12. Michaudon, A.: Nuclear Fission and Neutron Induced Fission Cross Sections. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 1981.Google Scholar
  13. Nicholson, R.B., Fischer, E.A.: The Doppler Effect in Fast Reactors. Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Vol. 4, pp. 109–195. New York - London: Academic Press. 1968.Google Scholar
  14. Oldekop, W.: Einführung in die Kernreaktor- und Kernkraftwerkstechnik, Teil I. München: Karl Thiemig. 1975.Google Scholar
  15. Reactor Physics Constants. Argonne National Laboratory, ANL-5800 (1958).Google Scholar
  16. Smidt, D.: Reaktortechnik. Karlsruhe: G. Braun. 1971.Google Scholar
  17. Smidt, D.: Reaktor Sicherheitstechnik. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer. 1979.Google Scholar
  18. Weinberg, A.M., Wigner, E.P.: The Physical Theory of Neutron Chain Reactors. Chicago, 111.: The University of Chicago Press. 1958.Google Scholar
  19. Wiese, H.W., Fischer, U.: KORIGEN - Ein Programm zur Bestimmung des nuklearen Inventars von Reaktorbrennstoffen im Brennstoffkreislauf. Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe, KfK-3014 (1981).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Günther Kessler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Neutronenphysik und ReaktortechnikKernforschungszentrum KarlsruheFederal Republic of Germany

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