Physical Systems

  • Walter Thirring


Among the best examples of large quantum systems are atoms and molecules with highly charged nuclei. Classical features arise in the limit Z → ∞, N → ∞, except that the Fermi statistics continue to have an important effect.


Partition Function Physical System Thermodynamic Limit Canonical Ensemble Trial Function 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Thirring
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of ViennaAustria

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