Advertisement

Sex Determination Using Tooth Dimensions

  • Maria Teschler-Nicola
  • Hermann Prossinger

Abstract

Among the many parameters used in studies of prehistoric skeletal series, two are fundamental prerequisites for any statistical analysis: the age at death and the sex of an individual. Various demographic, biological or pathological features can be studied when these parameters are known. Biological age at death assessments are needed for estimating mortality rates, which subsequently have implications for the possible conclusions to be drawn about living conditions, nutritional status, epidemiology, social stratification etc. in prehistoric societies.

Keywords

Discriminant Function Deciduous Tooth Permanent Tooth Female Average Permanent Dentition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alt KW, Rieger S, Vach W, Krekeler G (1995) Odontometrische Geschlechtsbestimmung. Evaluierung frühmittelalterlicher Bestattungen. (Summary: Sex determination by odontometric parameters. Evaluation of early medieval burials.) Rechtsmedizin 5: 82–87.Google Scholar
  2. Amos B (1996) Nature 379: 484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bailit H, Hunt E (1964) The sexing of children’s skeletons from teeth alone and its genetic implications. Am J Phys Anthrop 22: 171–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Black TK (1978) Sexual dimorphism in tooth crown diameters of the deciduous teeth. Am J Phys Anthrop 48: 77–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boucher BJ (1955) Sex differences in the foetal sciatic notch. J Forensic Med 2: 51–54.Google Scholar
  6. Boucher BJ (1957) Sex differences in the foetal pelvis. Am J Phys Anthrop 15: 581–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bräuer G (1988) Osteometrie. In: Knussmann R (ed) Anthropologie, Band 1/1. Fischer, Stuttgart, p. 160–232.Google Scholar
  8. Breitinger E (1980) Skelette aus einer späturnenfelderzeitlichen Speichergrube in der Wallburg von Stillfried an der March, NÖ. Forschungen in Stillfried 4, Veröff der österr Arbeitsgem für Ur- und Frühgesch 23 /24: 45–106.Google Scholar
  9. Choi S, Trotter M (1970) A statistical study of the multivariate structure and race-sex differences of American White and Negro fetal skeletons. Am J Phys Anthrop 33: 307–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dahlberg AA (1963) Analysis of the American Indian dentition. In: Brothwell DR (ed) Dental Anthropology. Pergamon, Oxford, p. 149–177.Google Scholar
  11. De Vito C, Saunders S (1990) A discriminant function analysis of deciduous teeth to determine sex. J For Sci 35: 845–858.Google Scholar
  12. Ditch L, Rose J (1972) A multivariate dental sexing technique. Am J Phys Anthrop 37: 61–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Duffy JB, Waterfield JD, Skinner MF (1991) Isolation of tooth pulp cells for sex chromatin studies in experimental dehydrated and cremated remains. For Sci Int 49: 127–141.Google Scholar
  14. Dunthorn D (1996) Nature 380: 477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fazekas I, Kösa F (1969) Geschlechtsbestimmung bei Feten auf Grund der Hüftknochenmaße. Arch Kriminol 143: 49–57.Google Scholar
  16. Fazekas IG, Kösa F (1978) Forensic Fetal Osteology. Akademiai Kiadö, Budapest.Google Scholar
  17. Frayer DW (1980) Sexual dimorphism and cultural evolution in the Late Pleistocene and Holocene of Europe. J Hum Evol 9: 399–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Friesinger H, Friesinger I (1975) Die Befestigungsanlagen von Thunau. 5000 Jahre Siedlung im Garser Raum. Katalogreihe des Krahuletzmuseums Eggenburg 3.Google Scholar
  19. Garn SM, Lewis A, Kerewsky R (1964) Sex difference in tooth size. J Dent Res 43: 306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Garn SM, Lewis A, Kerewsky R (1966) Sexual dimorphism in the buccolingual tooth diameter. J Dent Res 45: 1819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Garn SM, Cole PE, Wainwright R, Guire K (1977) Sex discriminatory effectiveness using combinations of permanent teeth. J Dent Res 56: 697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Garn SM, Cole, PE, van Alstine WL (1979) Sex discriminatory effectiveness using combinations of root length and crown diameters. Am J Phys Anthrop 50: 115–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Goble F, Konopka E (1973) Sex as a factor in infectious disease. Transa New York Acad Sci, 2nd Ser 35: 325–346.Google Scholar
  24. Grimm H, Hildebrand H (1972) Odontometrischer Beitrag zur Einordnung der Neolithiker vom Djebel Shanadud (Sudan). Anthropologie (Prag) 10: 17–20.Google Scholar
  25. Hanihara K, Koizumi K (1979) Sexing from crown diameters in the permanent teeth by discriminant function method. J Anthrop Soc Nippon 87: 445–456 (in Japanese; Summary).Google Scholar
  26. Hoyme LE, i§can MY (1989) Determination of sex and race: accuracy and assumptions. In: Işcan MY, Kennedy KAR (eds) Reconstruction of Life from the Skeleton. Liss, New York, p. 53–93.Google Scholar
  27. Hunger H, Leopold D (1978) Identifikation. Springer, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hunt E, Gleiser I (1955) The estimation of age and sex of preadolescent children from bones and teeth. Am J Phys Anthrop 13: 479–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kieser JA (1990) Human Adult Odontometrics. The Study of Variation in Adult Tooth Size. Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  30. Kieser JA, Groeneveld HT, Preston CB (1985a) An odontometric analysis of the Lengua Indians dentition. Hum Biol 57: 611–620.Google Scholar
  31. Kieser JA, Groeneveld HT, Preston CB (1985b) A metrical analysis of the South African caucasoid dentition. J Dent Ass S Afr 40: 121–125.Google Scholar
  32. Langenscheidt F (1983) Diskriminanzanalytische Geschlechtsbestimmung an Hand von Zahnmaßen unter Verwendung von Verfahren zur angenähert unverzerrten Schätzung der Trennstärke. Homo 34: 22–27.Google Scholar
  33. Lavelle CLB (1972) Maxillary and mandibular tooth size in different racial groups and in different occlusal categories. Am J Phys Orthod 62: 29–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lavelle CLB (1984) A metrical comparison of maxillary first premolar form. Am J Phys Anthrop 63: 397–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Little RJA, Rubin DA (1987) Statistical Analysis with Missing Data. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  36. Lundström A (1943) Intermaxillära tandbreddsförhfllanden och tandställningen. Svensk Tandl Tidskrift 36: 575.Google Scholar
  37. Lundström A (1944) Förtidiga mjölktandsförluster och tandställningen. Svensk Tandl Tidskrift 37: 698.Google Scholar
  38. Lunt D (1969) An odontometric study of medieval Danes. Acta Odontol Scand 27 (Suppl. 55): 1–173.Google Scholar
  39. Majo T, Tillier A-M, Bruzek J (1993) Test des fonctions discriminantes de Schutkowski impliquant l’ilium pour la détermination du sexe dans des séries d’enfants de sexe et d’âge connus. Bull Mém Soc d’Anthrop Paris ns 5: 61–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Maudrich U (1977) Odontometrische Untersuchungen: Die Zahngröße als ein Merkmal zur Geschlechtsbestimmung. Diplomarb Med Univ, Berlin.Google Scholar
  41. Mazess R, Cameron J (1972) Growth of bone in school children: Comparison of radiographic morphometry and photon absorptiometry. Growth 36: 77–92.Google Scholar
  42. Moorrees C (1957) The Aleut Dentition. A Correlative Study of Dental Characteristics in an Eskimoid People. Harvard Univ Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  43. Moorrees C (1959) The Dentition of the Growing Child. Harvard Univ Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  44. Moorrees C, Thomsen SO, Jensen E, Yen PKJ (1957) Mesiodistal crown diameters of the deciduous and permanent teeth in individuals. J Dent Res 36: 39–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mullis K, Gibbs R, Ferre F (eds) (1994) The Polymerase Chain Reaction. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  46. Neugebauer J-W (1987) Die Bronzezeit im Osten Österreichs. Forschungsber zur Ur- und Frühgesch 13. Niederöst Pressehaus, St. Pölten.Google Scholar
  47. Neugebauer-Maresch Ch, Neugebauer J-W (1988) Das frühbronzezeitliche Hockergräberfeld Franzhausen I in urgeschichtlicher Sicht. In: Windl H, Neugebauer J-W, Teschler- Nicola M, Neugebauer-Maresch C (eds) Mensch und Kultur der Bronzezeit. Katalog des Niederösterr Landesmus NF 208: 16–36.Google Scholar
  48. Neugebauer J-W, Gattringer A (1988) Rettungsgrabungen im Unteren Traisental im Jahre 1987. Fundber Österr 26: 35–72.Google Scholar
  49. Ounsted M, Scott A, Moar V (1981) Proportionality and gender in small-for-dates and large- for-dates babies. Early Hum Devel 5: 289–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Owsley DW, Webb RS (1983) Misclassification probability of dental discriminant functions for sex determination. J For Sci 28: 181–185.Google Scholar
  51. Paul G (1990) Geschlechtsbestimmung von Skeletten mit Diskriminanzfunktionen für bleibende Zähne. Dental Diss, Univ Ulm.Google Scholar
  52. Pääbo S, Higuchi RG, Wilson AC (1989) Ancient DNA and the polymerase chain reaction. J Biol Chem 264: 9709–9712.Google Scholar
  53. Potter RHY, Alcazaren AB, Herbosa FM, Tomaneng J (1981) Dimensional characteristics of the Filipino dentition. Am J Phys Anthrop 55: 33–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Prossinger H, Teschler-Nicola M (1995) Metrication meets morphology when attempting to reconstruct both permanent from deciduous and maxilla from mandibular tooth dimensions. In: Radlanski R, Renz H (eds) Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Dental Morphology. Brune, Berlin, p. 343–346.Google Scholar
  55. Remane A (1927) Zur Meßtechnik der Primatenzähne. In: Abderhalden E (ed): Handbuch der biologischen Arbeitsmethoden 7, Teil 1, p. 609–675.Google Scholar
  56. Rieger S (1993) Untersuchung zur Geschlechtsbestimmung der Individuen einer merowingerzeitlichen Skelettserie aus Baden-Württemberg anhand der Zahnmaße. Med Diss, Freiburg/Br.Google Scholar
  57. Rottstock F (1975) Odontometrische Untersuchungen an afrikanischen Schädeln und ihre Anwendung auf Kieferreste aus dem Khartoum-Neolithikum. Med Diss, Humboldt- Universität Berlin.Google Scholar
  58. Rösing FW (1983) Sexing immature human skeletons. J Hum Evol 12: 149–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Rösing FW (1990) Qubbet el Hawa und Elephantine. Zur Bevölkerungsgeschichte von Ägypten. Fischer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  60. Rösing FW, Paul G, Schnutenhaus S (1995) Sexing skeletons by tooth size. In: Radlanski RJ, Renz H (eds) Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Dental Morphology. Brune, Berlin, p. 373–376.Google Scholar
  61. Saunders S (1992) Subadult skeletons and growth related studies. In: Saunders S, Katzenberg A (eds) Skeletal Biology of Past Peoples: Research Methods. Wiley-Liss, New York, p. 1–20.Google Scholar
  62. Schnutenhaus S (1994) Weltverteilung der Zahngrößen. Überprüfung der Eignung von Zahnmaßen für eine Taxonomie des Menschen. Dental Diss, Ulm.Google Scholar
  63. Sciulli PW, Williams JA, Gugelchuk GM (1977) Canine size: An aid in sexing prehistoric Amerindians. J Dent Res 56: 1424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Schranz D, Bartha M (1964) Geschlechtsbestimmung an Zähnen. Z gerichtl Med 54: 10–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Schutkowski H (1987) Sex determination of fetal and neonate skeletons by means of discriminant analysis. Int J Anthrop 2: 347–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Schutkowski H (1989) Beitrag zur Alters- und Geschlechtsdiagnose am Skelett nichterwachsener Individuen. Anthrop Anz 47: 1–9.Google Scholar
  67. Schutkowski H. (1990) Zur Geschlechtsdiagnose von Kinderskeletten. Morphologische, metrische und diskriminanzalytische Untersuchungen. Nat Diss Göttingen.Google Scholar
  68. Sjøvold T (1988) Geschlechtsdiagnose am Skelett. In: Knußmann R (ed) Anthropologie, Band 1/1. Fischer, Stuttgart, p. 444–480.Google Scholar
  69. Specker B, Brazerol W, Tsang R, Levin R, Searcy J, Steichen J (1987) Bone mineral content in children 1 to 6 years of age. Am J Dis Child 141: 343–344.Google Scholar
  70. Sperl J (1990) Harris-Linien bei den frühmittelalterlichen Alemannen von Kirchheim/Teck. Med Diss Ulm.Google Scholar
  71. Stermer Beyer, Olsen E, Alexandersen V (1995) Sex assessment of medieval Norwegian skeletons based on permanent tooth crown size. Int J Osteoarchaeol 5: 274–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Stini W (1985) Growth rates and sexual dimorphism in evolutionary perspective. In: Gilbert R, Mielke J (eds) The Analysis of Prehistoric Diets. Academic Press, Orlando, FL, p. 191–226.Google Scholar
  73. Subow A (1965) Anthropological odontology and the historical sciences (russ.). Sov Etnografia 1: 4–12.Google Scholar
  74. Teschler-Nicola M (1992a) Sexualdimorphismus der Zahnkronendurchmesser: Ein Beitrag zur Geschlechtsdiagnose subadulter Individuen anhand des frühbronzezeitlichen Gräberfeldes von Franzhausen I, Niederösterreich. Anthrop Anz 50: 51–65.Google Scholar
  75. Teschler-Nicola (1992b) Untersuchungen zur Bevölkerungsbiologie der Bronzezeit in Ostösterreich: Phänetische Analyse koninuierlicher und nichtkontinuierlicher Skelettmerkmale. Habilitationsschrift, Univ Wien.Google Scholar
  76. Teschler-Nicola, M, Wiltschke-Schrotta K, Prossinger H, Berner M (1994) The epidemiology of an early Mediaeval population from Gars/Thunau, Lower Austria. Homo 45 (Suppl): 131.Google Scholar
  77. Vach W (1994) Logistic Regression with Missing Values in the Covariates. Springer, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Weaver D (1980) Sex differences of the ilia of a known sex and age sample of fetal and infant skeletons. Am J Phys Anthrop 52: 191–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Weaver D (1986) Forensic aspects of fetal and neonatal skeletons. In: Reichs KJ (ed) Forensic Osteology. Thomas, Springfield, p. 90–100.Google Scholar
  80. West R (1996) Nature 380: 477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Teschler-Nicola
  • Hermann Prossinger

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations