The Maxillary Sinus of Extant Catarrhine Primates

  • Thomas Koppe
  • Hiroshi Nagai


Compared with other structures of the skull such as the teeth, the temporomandibular joint or the cranial base, the paranasal sinuses have received much less attention among comparative anatomists and anthropologists. Although it is assumed that an enlarged maxillary sinus is a characteristic feature of the Hominoidea (Andrews and Martin 1987), the role of the paranasal sinuses in evolution is still uncertain. This situation is somewhat surprising in light of the absence of any accepted theory to explain the functions or even the great variability of the pneumatic cavities. As pointed out by Blanton and Biggs (1969) and as recently discussed by Blaney (1990), many of the functions ascribed to the sinuses are based merely on speculation.


Paranasal Sinus Maxillary Sinus World Monkey Maxillary Bone Sinus Floor 
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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Koppe
  • Hiroshi Nagai

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