Deductive Explanation and Theoretical Concepts
1.1. We shall in this chapter focus on the logic and methodology of the deductive explanation of scientific laws and generalizations and on the role of theoretical concepts within such explanation. We also have something to say about the explanation of singular events and facts (or, rather, statements about them). This latter topic has been discussed much more in contemporary philosophy of science than the explanation of scientific laws and theories1. However, at least theoretical science is primarily concerned with general knowledge and only secondarily with knowledge about singular facts. That is, it is concerned with discovering general patterns and regularities and explaining them (by means of theories) rather than with describing and explaining singular events (by means of single laws).
KeywordsTheoretical Concept Scientific Explanation Theoretical Term Abductive Inference Correspondence Rule
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