Advances in Computerized Tomography

  • H. Spiess
Part of the Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery book series (NEUROSURGERY, volume 9)


The complementing of history and neurological examination by supplementary tests has greatly enriched the fields of neurology, neuropediatrics and neurosurgery in particular. The present sophisticated level of neurosurgery would be impracticable without the technological advances made during the past decades. In 1896 the use of X-rays in medicine signalled the beginning of a new era in medical technology with many new possibilities. Besides methods of examination which disturb a patient little or not at all, such as electroencephalography, examination by ultrasonics and isotope scintigraphy, the techniques of air encephalography, introduced by Walter Dandy in 1918, and cerebral angiography, invented by E. Moniz in 1927, represented considerable progress. However, with the more recently developed method of myelography using opaque contrast media, both of these examination methods require contrast media whose effects may be disagreeable and not completely harmless to a patient.


Muscular Dystrophy Spinal Canal Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Recurrent Disc Herniation Petrous Portion 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Spiess
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuroradiologisches InstitutZürichSwitzerland

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