Advertisement

Advances in Computerized Tomography

  • H. Spiess
Part of the Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery book series (NEUROSURGERY, volume 9)

Abstract

The complementing of history and neurological examination by supplementary tests has greatly enriched the fields of neurology, neuropediatrics and neurosurgery in particular. The present sophisticated level of neurosurgery would be impracticable without the technological advances made during the past decades. In 1896 the use of X-rays in medicine signalled the beginning of a new era in medical technology with many new possibilities. Besides methods of examination which disturb a patient little or not at all, such as electroencephalography, examination by ultrasonics and isotope scintigraphy, the techniques of air encephalography, introduced by Walter Dandy in 1918, and cerebral angiography, invented by E. Moniz in 1927, represented considerable progress. However, with the more recently developed method of myelography using opaque contrast media, both of these examination methods require contrast media whose effects may be disagreeable and not completely harmless to a patient.

Keywords

Muscular Dystrophy Spinal Canal Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Recurrent Disc Herniation Petrous Portion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ambrose, J., 1973: Computerized transverse axial scanning (tomography). Part 2. Clinical application. Brit. J. Radial. 46, 1023–1047.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergstrom, M., Greitz T., 1976: Stereotaxic computed tomography. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 127, 143–455; 167–170.Google Scholar
  3. Bigar, F., Spiess, H., 1981: Kombinierte Anwendung der CT und Echographie bei Erkrankungen des Auges und der Orbita. Deutscher Röntgen-Kongreß München.Google Scholar
  4. Bulcke, J. A., Termote, J.-L., Palmers, Y., Crolla, D., 1979: Computed tomography of the human skeletal muscular system. Neuroradiology 17. 127–136.Google Scholar
  5. Crolla, D., Termote, J.-L., Baert, A., Palmers. Y., von den Bergh, R., 1981: Computed tomography of muscle. Muscle and Nerve 4, 67 12.Google Scholar
  6. Chuang, S., Rusztyn, A., Fitz, Ch. R., Harwood-Nash, D., 1980: Metrizamide Myelography in Syringohydromyelia. CT/T Clinical Symposium 3, Nr. 9.Google Scholar
  7. Cormack, A. M., 1963: Representation of a function by its line integrals, with some radiological applications. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2722–2727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dandy, W. E., 1919: Roentgenography of the brain after the injection of air into the spinal canal. Ann. Surg. 70, 397–403.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Flodmark, O., Scotti, G., Harwood-Nash, D. C., 1981: Clinical significance of ventriculomegaly in children who suffered perinatal asphyxia with or without intracranial hemorrhage: An 18 month follow-up study. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 5 (5), 663–673.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fuchs, M. A., 1980: Hirntumoren in der Computertomographie, Dissertation Zürich 1980.Google Scholar
  11. Gado, M. H., 1981: CT Evaluation of lumbar disc disease: The relative merits of plain and metrizamide studies. International Symposium and Course on Computed Tomography; New Orleans.Google Scholar
  12. Greitz, T., Bergstrom, M., Boethius, J., Meyerson, B., Collins, V. P., 1980: Stereotactic-Biopsy of Cerebral Lesion. CT/T Clinical Symposium, 3, Nr. 7.Google Scholar
  13. Crepe. A., Greitz, T., Norén, G., 1978: Computer cisternography of extracerebral tumors using lumbar injection of water soluble contrast medium. Acta radial. (Diagn.) Suppl. 346, 51 62.Google Scholar
  14. Hilal, S. K., 1981: Study of cerebellopontine angle with metrizamide and high resolution CT. International Symposium and Course on Computed Tomography, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  15. Hindmarsh, T., Greitz, T., 1977: Hydrocephalus; atrophy and their differential diagnosis—(CSF dynamics investigated by computer cisternography). In: Computerized Axial Tomography in Clinical Practice (du Boulay, G. H., Moseley, I. F., eds.), pp. 205 212. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  16. Hübener, K. H., 1981: Computertomographie des Körperstammes, Röntgen wie? wann? Band V I ( Frommhold, W., Hrsg.). Stuttgart-New York: Thieme.Google Scholar
  17. Hounsfield, G. N., 1973: Computerized transverse axial scanning (tomography). Part 1. Description of system. Brit. J. Radiol. 46, 1016 1022.Google Scholar
  18. Jacobs, L., Weisberg, A., Kinkel, W. R., 1980: Computerized Tomography of the Orbit and Sella. Turcica. New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
  19. Lee, S. H., Villafana, T., Lapayowkeri, M. S., 1980: CT: Intracranial localisation with a new marker system. Neuroradiology 16, 570–571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Moniz, E., 1927: L’encéphalographie arterielle. Son importance dans la localisation des tumeurs cérébrales. Rev. Neural. ( Paris ) 72 90.Google Scholar
  21. Mundinger, F., Birg, W., Ostertag, C. B., 1978: Treatment of small cerebral gliomas with CT-aided stereotaxic Curie therapy. Neuroradiology 16, 564–567.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Murakami, R., Nakamura, H., Mizojiri, T., Aida, M., Matsuo, T., 1981: A study of brain development in low-birth-weight infants by computerized tomography. Neuropediatries 12, 132–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nadjmi, M., Piepgras U., Vogelsang, H., 1981: Kranielle Computertomographie. Stuttgart-New York: Thieme.Google Scholar
  24. O’Doherty, D. S., Schellinger, D., Raptopoulos, V., 1977: Computed tomographie patterns of pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy: Preliminary results. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 1, 482–486.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Oldendorf, W. H., 1961: Isolated flying-spot detection of radiodensity discontinuities:. displaying in the internal structural pattern of a complexe object. IEEE-Trans. Biomed. Electron 8, 68–72.Google Scholar
  26. Oldendorf, W. H. 1980: The Quest for an Image of Brain. New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
  27. Peyster, R. G., 1981: High resolution CT scanning of the spine. International Symposium and Course on Computed Tomography, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  28. Rettinger, G., Kalender, W., Hentsche, F., 1981: Hochauflösungs-Computertomographie des Felsenbeines. Computertomographie 1, 109–116.Google Scholar
  29. Radii, E. W., Kendall, B. E., Moseley, I. F., 1980: Computertomographie des Kopfes. New York: Thieme.Google Scholar
  30. Rusztyn, A., Chuang, S., Fitz, Ch. R., Harwood-Nash, D., 1981: Meningomyelocele with Diastematomyelia. CT/T Clinical Symposium 3, Nr. 13.Google Scholar
  31. Schubiger, O., Valavanis, A., Dabir, K.; Imhof, H. G., 1981: CT-Differentiation between recurrent disc herniation and postoperative scan-formation: The value of contrast enhancement. X. Congress of the European Society of Neuroradiology, Milan.Google Scholar
  32. Shaffer, K., 1980: Cholesteatoma. CT/T Clinical Symposium 3, Nr. 13.Google Scholar
  33. Shelden, C. H., McCann, G. D., Jacques, S., Lutes, H., Frazier, R., Katz, R., Kubci, R., 1980: Development of Computerized Microstereotactic Method for the Localisation and Removal of Minute CNS Lesions under direct 3-D Vision, J. Neursurg. 52, 21–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Spiess, H., 1979: CT-Ergebnisse bei Affektionen des Chiasmas and der Sehbahn. Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk-. 174, 816–829.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Vaisman, U., 1981: Herniated Disc in the Lumbar Spine. CT/T Clinical Symposium 4, Nr. 7.Google Scholar
  36. Yong, R. S. K., Towfighi, J., Yagel, S. K., Vanucci, R. C., 1981: Neonatal endotoxin Encephalopathie: Physiologic, Metabolic and Neuropathologie responses. American Academy of Neurology, 33rd annual meeting.Google Scholar
  37. Yoshioka, M., Okuno, R., Ito, M., Konishi, Y., Itagaki, Y., Sakamoto, Y., 1981: Congenital muscular dystrophy (Fukuma Type). Repeated CT studies in 19 children. Comp. Tomography 5, 81–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zilkha, A., 1981: Computed tomography in trauma to the orbital walls. International Symposium and Course on Computed Tomography, New Orleans.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Spiess
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuroradiologisches InstitutZürichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations