Facial reflex examination for assessment of subclinical trigeminal nerve involvement in the cavernous sinus

  • O. Bynke


Encroachments made by a pituitary tumor on the flexible walls of the cavernous sinus are often evident only at the time of transsphenoidal surgery. The effects of lateral tumor extension on the trigeminal nerve in the cavernous sinus have been studied by a neurophysiological test, facial reflex examination.


Pituitary Adenoma Facial Nerve Latency Distribution Pituitary Tumor Cavernous Sinus 
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    Umansky F, Nathan H (1982) The lateral wall of the cavernous sinus with special reference to the nerves related to it. J Neurosurg 56: 228–234PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Bynke
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity HospitalLinköpingSweden

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