Pain pp 99-100 | Cite as


  • Hans Werner Pia
Conference paper
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 38)


The psychology and anthropology of pain and suffering is one of the most difficult, unsolved and controversial problems affecting mankind and seems to be peculiar to it. A general definition of pain and suffering applicable for all is not possible. The intensity of pain perception and the ability to communicate about it differ enormously. Numerous external and internal individual factors play an important role here. Age, racial, social, cultural, historical, religious and philosophical factors may exert a dominating inhibitory or excitatory influence.


Pain Perception Human Mind Dominant Hemisphere Somatic Pain World Religion 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

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  • Hans Werner Pia

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