Pain pp 76-79 | Cite as

Externally Portable and Implantable Devices for Continuous Delivery of Analgetics

  • Manfred Franetzki
  • Dieter Kollert
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 38)


Most of the devices used in pain control have been derived from dosing pumps or access aids to the body (veins, peritoneum) for insulin. However, the specific demand for pain control, in particular the “patient controlled analgesia, PC A”, has more and more demanded specific technical solutions.


Implantable Device Continuous Delivery Good Pain Control External Pump Implantable Pump 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Franetzki
    • 1
  • Dieter Kollert
  1. 1.Siemens AG Unternehmensbereich MedizintechnikErlangenFederal Republic of Germany

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