Acoustical Analysis and Physiological Parameters
Speech is produced by complex movements of the articulators, which are known to be extremely complex structures themselves. Moreover, many articulators are not accessible for direct observation of their behavior. Some articulators can be monitored in principle, but only by means of invasive recording techniques like photoglottography or hooked wire EMG electrodes, or by other possibly dangerous techniques like cineradiography. For these reasons speech researchers have got used to the necessity to try to infer behaviors of articulators that cannot be observed directly from indirect measurements. Such inferences are crucially dependent on the way in which we think that underlying behaviors and measurable phenomena are related. An other, somewhat more formal way to formulate this dependence is to say that the inferences are based on models.
KeywordsSpeech Signal Speech Production Vocal Tract Acoustical Analysis Pitch Period
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Boves, L. (1984). The phonetic basis of perceptual ratings of running speech. Foris Publications, Dordrecht-Cinnaminson.Google Scholar
- Childers, D.G. & Krishnamurthy, A.K. (1985). A critical review of electroglottography. CRC Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, Volume 12, 131–161.Google Scholar
- Cranen, B. & Boves, L. (1983). A set-up for testing the validity of the two-mass model of the vocal folds. In: I.R. Titze & R.C. Scherer (Eds.) Vocal Fold Physiology Biomechanics, Acoustics and Phonatory Control. The Denver Center for the Perfoming Arts, Denver, 500–513.Google Scholar
- Fant, G. (1960). Acoustic theory of speech production. Mouton, The Hague.Google Scholar
- Flanagan, J.L. (1972). Speech analysis, synthesis, and perception. Springer Verlag, Berlin, New York.Google Scholar
- Markel, J.D. & Gray, A.H. (1976). Linear prediction of speech. Springer Verlag, Berlin, New York.Google Scholar
- Rabiner, L.R. & Schafer, R.W. (1978). Digital processing of speech signals. Prentice-Hall, Englewood-Cliffs, N.J.Google Scholar
- Rothenberg, M. (1983). An interactive model for the voice source. In: D.M. Bless & J.H. Abbs (Eds.) Vocal Fold Physiology Contemporary Research & Clinical Issues. College-Hill Press, San Diego, 155–165.Google Scholar
- Teager, H. & Teager, S. (1983). Active Fluid Dynamics Voice Production, or There Is a Unicorn in the Garden. In: I.R. Titze & R.C. Scherer (Eds.) Vocal Fold Physiology; Biomechanics, Acoustics and Phonatory Control. The Denver Center for the Performing Arts, Denver, 387–403.Google Scholar