The Effects of Fluency Inducing Conditions on the Variability in the Duration of Laryngeal Movements during Stutterers’ Fluent Speech

  • Peggy Janssen
  • George Wieneke


It seems to be a well documented fact that stutterers have slower phonatory and articulatory initiation times than normal speakers, even when they produce speech that is seemingly fluent (Adams & Hayden, 1976; Starkweather et al., 1976; Hillman & Gilbert, 1977; McFarlane & Prins, 1978; Cross & Luper, 1979; Prosek et al. 1979; McFarlane & Shipley, 1981; Reich et al., 1981; Hayden et al., 1982; Healey & Gutkin, 1984; Horii, 1984; Starkweather et al., 1984). However, evidence for this supposed neuro-motor dysfunction among stutterers stems, for the greater part, from studies with adult stutterers who were or had recently been in therapy at the time of data collection. Some researchers have, therefore, recognized the possibility that the stutterers’ slowness may be attributed to coping behavior, that is, learned, adaptive, or in some instances maladaptive responses designed to avoid disruptions in the flow of speech.


Auditory Feedback Test Sentence Voice Onset Time Hearing Research Fluent Speech 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adams, M.R. & Hayden, P. (1976). The ability of stutterers and nonstutterers to initiate and terminate phonation during production of an isolated vowel. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 19, 290–296.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrews, G., Howie, P.M., Dozsa, M. & Guitar, B.E. (1982). Stuttering: Speech pattern characteristics under fluency-inducing conditions. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 25, 208–216.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Cross, D.E. & Luper, H.L. (1979). Voice reaction time of stuttering and nonstuttering children and adults. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 4, 59–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hayden, P.A., Jordahl, N. & Adams, M.R. (1982). Stutterers’ voice initiation times during conditions of novel stimulation. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 7, 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Healey, E.C. & Gutkin, B. (1984). Analysis of stutterers’ voice onset times and fundamental frequency contours during fluency. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 27, 219–225.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hillman, R.E. & Gilbert, H.R. (1977). Voice onset time for voiceless stop consonants in the fluent reading of stutterers and nonstutterers. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 61, 610–611.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Horii, Y. (1984). Phonatory initiation, termination and vocal frequency change reaction times of stutterers. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 9, 115–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Janssen, P., Wieneke, G. & Vaane, E. (1983). Variability in the initiation of articulatory movements in the speech of stutterers and normal speakers. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 8, 341–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. McFarlane, S.C. & Prins, D. (1978). Neural response time of stutterers and nonstutterers in selected oral motor tasks. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 21, 768–778.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. McFarlane, S.C. & Shipley, K.G. (1981). Latency of vocalization onset for stutterers and nonstutterers under conditions of auditory and visual cueing. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 46, 307–312.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Perkins, W.H., Bell, J., Johnson, L. & Stocks, J. (1979). Phone rate and the effective planning time hypothesis of stuttering.Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 22, 747–755.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Prosek, R., Montgomery, A.A., Walden, B.E. & Schwartz, D.M. (1979). Reaction time measures of stutterers and nonstutterers. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 4, 269–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Reich, A., Till, J. & Goldsmith, H. (1981). Laryngeal and manual reaction times of stuttering and nonstuttering adults. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 24, 192–196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Starkweather, C.W., Hirschman, P. & Tannenbaum, R.S. (1976) Latency of vocalization onset: Stutterers versus nonstutterers. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 19, 481–492.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Starkweather, C.W., Franklin, S. & Smigo, T.M. (1984). Vocal and finger reaction times in stutterers and nonstutterers: Differences and correlations. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 27, 193–196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Wieneke, G. & Janssen, P. (1987). Duration variations in the fluent speech of stutterers and nonstutterers. In H.F.M. Peters & W. Hulstijn (Eds.), Speech Motor Dynamics in Stuttering. Wien: Springer Verlag.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peggy Janssen
  • George Wieneke

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations