Programming and Initiation of Speech Utterances in Stuttering
In the study of speech production it is a widely shared idea that fluent speech utterances are produced under the control of a “program” — a detailed representation of all or most of the utterance constructed in advance of the utterance itself. In such a view it is assumed that programming or in advance preparation of the utterance precedes the execution itself (Sternberg et al., 1978; Keele, 1981; Schmidt, 1982; Hulstijn & v. Galen, 1983). The programming process involves a limited number of successive processes. In the first stage an abstract representation, or program, of the type and sequence of movements is retrieved from long term memory. Next the setting of size, accuracy and timing parameters for actual execution are specified and finally the program is translated into actual muscle comments and initiated.
KeywordsLatency Time Vocal Fold Initiation Time Speech Utterance Advance Preparation
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