The usefulness of aphid transmission as a taxonomie criterion for potyviruses

  • P. H. Berger
Part of the Archives of Virology book series (ARCHIVES SUPPL, volume 5)


In the past vector relationships have been one of the criteria used for delineating plant virus taxa. The proposed family, the Potyviridae, continues that practice. Aphid transmission of viruses within the genus Potyvirus is a useful characteristic in terms of identification, but is of only limited use in terms of taxonomy. This conclusion is based on a greater understanding of the molecular biology of potyviruses. The molecular basis of aphid transmission is not well understood at the present, but these data suggest that, beyond disease diagnosis, virus identification and characterization, and potential identification of genome microheterogeneity, aphid transmission should only be considered as a minor taxonomie criterion.


Coat Protein Potato Virus Plant Virus Aphid Species Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Atreya PL, Atreya CD, Pirone TP (1991) Amino acid substitutions in the coat protein that result in loss of insect transmissibility of a plant virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88: 787–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Atreya CD, Raccah B, Pirone TP (1990) A point mutation in the coat protein abolishes aphid transmissibility of a potyvirus. Virology 178: 161–165.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barnett OW (1991) Potyviridae, a proposed family of plant viruses. Arch Virol 118: 139–141.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Berger PH, Pirone TP (1986) The effect of helper component on uptake and localization of potyviruses in Myzus persicae. Virology 153: 256–261.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carrington JC, Cary SM, Parks TD, Dougherty WG (1989) A second proteinase encoded by a plant potyvirus genome. EMBO J 8: 365–370.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goldbach R (1992) The recombinative nature of potyviruses: implications for setting up a true phylogenetic taxonomy. In: Barnett OW (ed) Potyvirus taxonomy. Springer, Wien New York, pp 299–304 (Arch Virol [Suppl] 5).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kennedy JS, Day MF, Eastop VF (1962) A conspectus of aphids as vectors of plant viruses. Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, London.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lecoq H, Purcifull DE (1992) Biological variability of potyviruses, an example: zucchini yellow mosaic virus. In: Barnett OW (ed) Potyvirus taxonomy. Springer, Wien New York, pp 229–234 (Arch Virol [Suppl] 5).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nault LR, Madden LV (1988) Phylogenetic relatedness of maize chlorotic dwarf virus leafhopper vectors. Phytopathology 78: 1683–1687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pirone TP, Thornbury DW (1984) The involvement of a helper component in nonpersistent transmission of plant viruses by aphids. Microbiol Sci 1: 191–193.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Thornbury DW, Patterson CA, Dessens JT, Pirone TP (1990) Comparative sequence of the helper component (HC) region of potato virus Y and a HC-defective strain, potato virus C. Virology 178: 573–578.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. H. Berger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant, Soil, and Entomological Sciences, Division of Plant PathologyUniversity of Idaho, College of AgricultureMoscowUSA
  2. 2.Division of Plant Pathology, Department of Plant, Soil, and Entomological Sciences, Room 242 Ag ScienceUniversity of Idaho, College of AgricultureMoscowUSA

Personalised recommendations