Development of an Italian Version of the “Readiness to Change Questionnaire” for Alcoholism and Addiction
Prochaska and DiClemente developed a model for motivation to change addictive behavior. They classified patients into one of three stages as follows: (1) Precontemplation --the patient gives little or no consideration to reducing alcohol or drugs, (2) Contemplation --consideration to change is present but ambivalence is affecting change commitment, (3) Action -- the patient is willing to take active steps to reduce substance use. Rollnick et al. developed the “Readiness to Change Questionnaire” (RTCQ), a 12-item questionnaire that measures the degree to which a patient endorses the constructs of Precontemplation, Contemplation, and Action. We have translated the RTCQ into Italian and have performed initial psychometric studies (e.g. test/retest reliability) in our Italian clinic sample, a quite homogeneous sample of heroin-dependent patients. We found generally adequate (r=0.65 to 0.77) test-retest reliability estimates.
KeywordsDrug Addiction Addictive Behavior Motivational Interview Alcohol Dependent Patient Excessive Drinker
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