Advertisement

Development of an Italian Version of the “Readiness to Change Questionnaire” for Alcoholism and Addiction

  • M. Scaglia
  • E. Baiardo
  • I. Baldasso
  • E. Cristina
  • S. Deodato
  • W. O. Faustman
  • V. Spiller
  • M. Stefanini
  • R. Trampetti
  • G. P. Guelfi

Summary

Prochaska and DiClemente developed a model for motivation to change addictive behavior. They classified patients into one of three stages as follows: (1) Precontemplation --the patient gives little or no consideration to reducing alcohol or drugs, (2) Contemplation --consideration to change is present but ambivalence is affecting change commitment, (3) Action -- the patient is willing to take active steps to reduce substance use. Rollnick et al. developed the “Readiness to Change Questionnaire” (RTCQ), a 12-item questionnaire that measures the degree to which a patient endorses the constructs of Precontemplation, Contemplation, and Action. We have translated the RTCQ into Italian and have performed initial psychometric studies (e.g. test/retest reliability) in our Italian clinic sample, a quite homogeneous sample of heroin-dependent patients. We found generally adequate (r=0.65 to 0.77) test-retest reliability estimates.

Keywords

Drug Addiction Addictive Behavior Motivational Interview Alcohol Dependent Patient Excessive Drinker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Prochaska J O, DiClemente C C. Toward a comprehensive model of change. In: Treating Addictive Behaviors: Processes of Change, edited by Miller W R, Heather N. Plenum Press, New York, 1986Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Prochaska J O, DiClemente C C. Stages and process of self-change of smoking: toward an integrative model of change. J Consul Clin Psychol 51:390–395, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Davidson R. Prochaska and DiClemente’s model of change: a case study? (Editorial). British Journal of Addiction 87:821–822, 1992.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prochaska J O, DiClemente C C. Stages of change in the modification of problem behaviors. In: Progress in Behavior Modification, edited by Hersen M, Miller R M. SAGE, Newbury Park, Ca, 1992Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rollnisk S, Heather N, Gold R, Hall W. Development of a short ‘Readiness to Change’ Questionnaire for use in brief, opportunistic intervention among excessive drinkers. British Journal of Addiction 87:743–754, 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Miller W R. Motivational Interviewing with problem drinkers. Behavioral Psychotherapy 11:147–172, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Miller W R, Rollnick S. Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People to Change Addictive Behaviors, The Guilford Press, New York, 1991.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    McConnaughy E A, Prochaska J O, Velicer W F. Stages of change in Psychotherapy: Measurement and sample profiles. Research and Practice 20:368–375, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Scaglia
    • 1
  • E. Baiardo
    • 1
  • I. Baldasso
    • 1
  • E. Cristina
    • 1
  • S. Deodato
    • 1
  • W. O. Faustman
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. Spiller
    • 1
  • M. Stefanini
    • 1
  • R. Trampetti
    • 1
  • G. P. Guelfi
    • 1
  1. 1.SERT-Servizio Tossicodipendenze USL N.3 “Genovese”GenovaItaly
  2. 2.VA Medical Center and Stanford University School of MedicinePalo AltoUSA

Personalised recommendations