The Street Life and Treatment Response of 105 Heroin Addicted Women
The street life and subsequent methadone maintenance treatment of 105 female heroin addicts is described and contrasted against the corresponding phases of 244 male heroin addicts Seventy percent of the females were prostitutes, while the rest relied on criminal activity for their heroin supply. Half of the women were used as sources of heroin money by their male partners and, as expected, this was more common among the prostitutes than the non-prostitute women. Only in 18% the male partners contributed to the illegal heroin money of the prostitutes. Money for food and housing were in all instances obtained from the social welfare system. The sociopsychiatric background for the women showed more heredity for mental disturbance, more broken homes and school problems than the men and the prostitutes had an earlier drug debut. Despite their sinister background the women had a lower mortality rate (47 times the expected) compared with the men (70 times the expected).
KeywordsMethadone Treatment Criminal Activity Vocational Rehabilitation Methadone Maintenance Treatment Heroin Addict
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.Siegel S. Non-parametric statistics, Mc Graw-Hill, New York, 1956.Google Scholar
- 5.SAS Institute. SAS/STAT Guide for personal computers, version 6, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, 1987.Google Scholar
- 6.SAS Institute. Technical report P-179. Additional SAS/STAT procedures release 6. 03, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, 1988.Google Scholar
- 7.AA.VV.. Statistical Abstracts of Sweden 1989. Official Statistics of Sweden, Norstedts Tryckeri, Stockholm, 1988.Google Scholar
- 10.Blix O, Grönbladh L. The impact of methadone maintenance treatment on the spread of HIV among IV heroin addicts in Sweden. In: Drug Addiction and AIDS, edited by Loimer N, Schmid R. Springer Verlag, Wien, New York, 1991, pp 200–205.Google Scholar
- 12.Ball J C, Ross A. The effectiveness of methadone maintenance treatment, Springer Verlag, New York, 1991.Google Scholar
- 14.Hser Y, Anglin M D, Liu Y. A survival analysis of gender and ethnic differences in responsiveness to methadone maintenance treatment. Int J Addict 25: 1295–1315, 1991.Google Scholar