Surface Repair of Osteochondral Defects: Allografts Versus Substitute Materials

  • George Bentley


Surface replacement for articular cartilage defects has assumed greater importance in recent years because of two factors. The first is the increasing longevity of the population throughout the world which is leading to a higher incidence of osteoarthritis, initiated in some cases by early injury to the joints, and the second is the increased incidence of joint injuries caused by sporting and other accidents in the younger population.


Articular Cartilage Carbon Fibre Hyaline Cartilage Osteochondral Defect Osteochondritis Dissecans 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bentley G (1985) Articular cartilage changes in chondromalacia patellae. J Bone Joint Surg 67B: 769Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lexer E (1908) Die Verwendung der freien Knochenplastik nebst Versuchen iiber Gelenkversteifung und Gelenktransplantation. Arch Klin Chir 86: 939Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Judet H (1908) Essai sur la greffe des tissues articulaires. Comp Rend Acad Sci 146: 193Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aston JE, Bentley G (1986) Repair of normal and arthritic articular surfaces by allografts of articular and growth-plate cartilage. J Bone Joint Surg 67B: 29Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Langer F, Gross AE, West M, Urowitz ER (1978) The immunogenicity of allograft knee joint transplants. Clin Orthop 132: 155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Muckle DS, Minns RJ (1979) The use of filamentous carbon fibre for the repair of osteoarthritic articular cartilage. J Bone Joint Surg 61B: 381Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pongor P, Betts J, Muckle DS, Bentley G (1992) Woven carbon surface replacement: independent clinical review. Biomaterials 13 (15): 1070PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bentley G, Cobb AG, Hemmen B, Archer C (1992) The cartilage matrix support prosthesis. An experimental and clinical study. J Bone Joint Surg 74B [Suppl III]: 267Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bentley G (1992) Articular tissue grafts. Ann Rheum Dis 51 (3): 292 - 296PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Bentley
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Orthopaedics, Royal National Orthopaedic HospitalUniversity College LondonStanmore MiddxUK

Personalised recommendations