Advertisement

Current Concepts in Bone Grafting

  • H. Burchardt

Abstract

The usual alternative to an autograft is the man-made implant device, or the use of allografts. Implants are readily available and produced with remarkable precision, yet they are not readily incorporated into the skeleton, and the attachment of soft-tissues remains a problem.

Keywords

Bone Allograft Necrotic Bone Haversian Canal Osteochondral Allograft Unicameral Bone Cyst 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    . Chase SN, Herndon CH (1955) The fate of autogenous and homogenous bone grafts: A historical review. J Bone Joint Surg 37A: 809Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    . Enneking WF, Burchardt H, Puhl J J, et al (1962) Physical and biological aspects of repair in dog cortical bone transplants. J Bone Joint Surg 57A: 232Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    . Abbott LC, Schottstaedt ER, Saunders JB, et al (1947) The evaluation of cortical and cancellous bone as grafting material: A clinical and experimental study. J Bone Joint Surg 29: 381PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Arora BK, Laskin DM (1964) Sex chromatin as a cellular label of osteogenesis by bone grafts. J Bone Joint Surg 46A: 1269Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    . Deleu J, Trueta J (1965) Vascularization of bone grafts in the anterior chamber of the eye. J Bone Joint Surg 47B: 319Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    . Heslop BF, Zeiss IM, Nisbet NW (1960) Studies on transference of bone: I. A comparison of autologous and homologous implants with reference to osteocyte survival, osteogenesis and host reaction. Br J Exp Pathol 41: 269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Anderson KJ, LeCocq JF, Akeson WH, et al (1964) End-point result of processed heterogenous, auto¬genous and homogenous bone transplants in the human: A histologic study. Clin Orthop 33: 220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Richany SF, Sprinz H, Kraner K, et al (1965) The role of the diaphyseal medulla in the repair and regeneration of the femoral shaft in the adult cat. J Bone Joint Surg 47A: 1565Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Urist MR, McLean FC (1952) Osteogenic potency of new bone formation by induction in transplants to the anterior chamber of the eye. J Bone Joint Surg 34A: 443Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hammack BL, Enneking WF (1960) Comparative vascularization of autogenous and homogenous bone transplants. J Bone Joint Surg 42A: 811Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stevenson JS, Bright RW, Dunson GL, et al (1973) Technetium-99m phosphate bone imaging: A method for assessing bone graft healing. Radiology 110: 391Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Enneking WF (1957) Histological investigation of bone transplants in immunologically prepared animals. J Bone Joint Surg 39A: 597Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Langer F, Czitrom A, Pritzker KP, et al (1975) The immunogenicity of fresh and frozen allogeneic bone. J Bone Joint Surg 57A: 216Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zeiss IM, Nesbet NW, Heslop BF (1960) Studies on transference of bone. II. Vascularization of autologous and homologous implants of cortical bone in rats. Br J Exp Pathol 41: 345PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kruez FP, Hyatt GW, Turner TC, et al (1951) The preservation and clinical use of freeze-dried bone. J Bone Joint Surg 33A: 863Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mankin HJ, Doppelt SH, Tomford WW (1983) Clinical experience with allograft implantation. Clin Orthop 174: 69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lexer E (1925) Joint transplantation and arthoplasty. Surg Gynecol Obstet 40: 782Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ottolenghi CE (1966) Massive osteoarticular bone grafts. J Bone Joint Surg 48B: 646Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Parrish FF (1973) Allograft replacement of all or part of the end of a long bone following excision of a tumor: Report of twenty-one cases. J Bone Joint Surg 55A: 1Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schneider JR, Bright RW (1976) Anterior cervical fusion using preserved bone allografts. Trans¬plant Proc S [Suppl 1]: 73Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Spence KF, Bright PW, Fitzgerald SP, et al (1976) Solitary unicameral bone cyst: Treatment with freeze-dried crushed cortical bone allograft: a review of one hundred forty-four cases. J Bone Joint Surg 58A: 636Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mankin HJ, Fogelson FS, Trasher AZ, et al (1976) Massive resection and allograft trans¬plantation in the treatment of malignant bone tumors. N Engl J Med 294: 1247PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bos GD, Goldbert VM, Powell AE, et al (1983) The effects of histocompatibility matching on canine frozen bone allografts. J Bone Joint Surg 65A: 89Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Burchardt H, Glowczewskie FP, Enneking WF (1977) Allogenic segmental fibular transplants in azathioprine-immunosuppressed dogs. J Bone Joint Surg 59A: 881Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Anderson KJ (1961) The behavior of autogenous and homogenous bone transplants in the anterior chamber of the rats’ eye: A histological study of the effect of the size of the implant. J Bone Joint Surg 43A: 980Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bonfiglio M, Jeter WS (1972) Immunological responses to bone. Clin Orthop 87: 19–27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bonfiglio M, Jeter WS Smith CL (1955) The immune concept: Its relation to bone transplantation. Ann NY Acad Sci 59: 417PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Burwell RG, Gowland G (1962) Studies in the transplantation of bone: III. The immune responses of lymph nodes draining componants of fresh homologous cancellous bone and homologous bone treated by different methods. J Bone Joint Surg 44B: 131Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Trentham DE, Townes AS, Kang AH, et al (1978) Humoral and cellular sensitivity to collagen in type II collagen induced arthritis in rats. J Clin Invest 61: 89PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Anderson KJ, Schmidt J, Clawson DK (1959) The vascularization and cellular response induced by homogenous deproteinized bone transplants in the anterior chamber of the rat’s eye. Plast Reconstr Surg 24: 97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Elves MW, Pratt LM (1975) The pattern of new bone formation in isografts of bone. Acta Orthop Scand 46: 549PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Heiple KG, Chase SW, Herndon CH (1963) A comparative study of the healing process following different types of bone transplantation. J Bone Joint Surg 45A: 1593Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Bonfiglio M, Jeter WS (1962) Further experimental studies on bone transplantation. J Bone Joint Surg 44A: 1029Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Burwell RG (1963) Studies in the transplantation of bone: V. The capacity of fresh and treated homografts of bone to evoke transplantation immunity. J Bone Joint Surg 45B: 386Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Goldberg VM, Lance EM (1972) Revascularization and accretion in transplantation: Quantitative study of the role of the allograft barrier. J Bone Joint Surg 54A: 807Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Burchardt
    • 1
  1. 1.Pennsylvania Regional Tissue BankScrantonUSA

Personalised recommendations