The Development of Training Systems in General Surgery

  • G. Buess
Conference paper
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplements book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 69)


Endoscopic Surgery was introduced in general surgery particularly during the last 10 years. In the early eighties, only a small number of specialists used endoscopes to perform surgical tasks, whereas in 1996 endoscopic operative procedures, as for instance cholecystectomy, became standard therapy. The training of the endoscopic surgeon therefore became a major task to guarantee safe introduction of the new operative technique into clinical routine.


Training systems in surgery plastic trainers with integrated organs virtual-reality trainer 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Buess
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Chirurgische Klinik, Klinikum SchnarrenbergUniversität TübingenFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Abteilung Allgemeine Chirurgie und Poliklinik, Chirurgische Klinik, Klinikum SchnarrenbergUniversität TübingenTübingenFederal Republic of Germany

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