Neurosurgical Spine Fellowships: The Phoenix Model

  • V. K. H. Sonntag
Conference paper
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplements book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 69)


Typically, a fellowship in the United States is defined as 1 to 2 years of extra training in a special interest area after a residency has been completed. The fellowship should not fulfill an area of training that was not covered in the residency. Rather, it expands upon the experience obtained in the residency and develops a specialist and/or leader in the particular area of interest. Historically, as medicine has become more complicated and sophisticated, almost by definition, it has become increasingly specialized. Therefore, the natural evolution has been toward subspecialty fellowships. With that in mind, spine fellowships in neurosurgery have been developed throughout the United States over the last several years.


Subspeciality training spine fellowship 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. K. H. Sonntag
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Neurological SurgeryBarrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical CenterPhoenixUSA
  2. 2.Neuroscience PublicationsBarrow Neurological InstitutePhoenixUSA

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