Contents and Structure of a Training Program. The Japanese Proposal

  • T. Yoshimoto
  • T. Tominaga
Conference paper
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplements book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 69)


It is not easy to standardize training programs for neurosurgery, because it should respond to the demands of each area or country. Do you know which nation has the highest average life expectancy in the world? The current average life expectancy of the Japanese is the highest in the world! In my view, an integrated medical insurance system and local medical care systems are particularly important for expansion of life expectancy in Japan. None of the citizens miss medical service when they become sick in Japan, because all Japanese people have medical insurance supported by the government. On the other hand, Japanese people desire to receive medical care through a local medical system, staying in their family, and do not necessarily want to receive medical care through famous doctors or institutes. This is unique, as com-pared with the tendency seen in the Western countries. This is also true for patients who need neurosurgical treatment.


Training program Japan contents structure 


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  1. 1.
    Kikuchi H (1995) Post-graduate education of neurosurgeons in Japan. Neurosurgeons 14: 9–18 (English Abstract)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Yoshimoto
    • 1
  • T. Tominaga
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryTohoku University School of MedicineSendaiJapan
  2. 2.Tohoku University School of MedicineSendaiJapan

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