Molecular Dynamics Analysis of Grain-Boundary Grooving in Thin-Film Interconnects for ULSIs
Grain-boundary grooving in an Al thin film was analyzed by molecular-dynamics simulation. The simulation result showed that the groove was formed by atom transport due to diffusion at the intersection of the grain-boundary and free surface. The effect of impurity on groove formation was analyzed in terms of atomic radius and bond energy. It was found that when the atomic radius of an impurity is smaller than that of Al and when Al/impurity bond energy is close to Al/Al bond energy, groove formation is prevented due to the suppression of the diffusion. This diffusion suppression is caused by large cohesive energy and small interatomic distance.
KeywordsBond Energy Cohesive Energy Atomic Radius Groove Depth Impurity Effect
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