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Clinical findings and diagnosis

  • S. Kikuchi
  • Y. Sawamura
  • K. Tashiro
  • S. Terae
  • K. Fujieda
  • K. Yoshida
  • Y. Sawamura
  • M. Tada

Abstract

Central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCTs) exhibit diverse neurological signs and symptoms. It is clear that the neurological manifestations of CNS GCTs are totally dependent on the site of the tumor origin. A pineal region mass causes symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and impairment of ocular movement. A hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal mass induces a variety of neuroendocrinological problems, as well as neurocognitive and visual disturbances. Currently, a vast majority of CNS GCT are curable neoplasm, though thay are malignant in nature, and many of neurological deficits at diagnosis are irreversible even after successful treatment for a tumor. An earlier diagnosis by a physician, Which can provide a better prognosis for patients is extremely important.

Keywords

Germ Cell Tumor Diabetes Insipidus Pineal Region Immature Teratoma Pineal Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Kikuchi
    • 1
  • Y. Sawamura
    • 1
  • K. Tashiro
    • 1
  • S. Terae
    • 2
  • K. Fujieda
    • 3
  • K. Yoshida
    • 4
  • Y. Sawamura
    • 4
  • M. Tada
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryHokkaido University School of MedicineSapporoJapan
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyHokkaido University School of MedicineSapporoJapan
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsHokkaido University School of MedicineSapporoJapan
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyHokkaido University School of MedicineSapporoJapan

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