WHO histological classification of tumors of the central nervous system: germ cell tumors (WHO, 1993)

  • Yutaka Sawamura


Table 1 shows WHO Histological Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System including germ cell tumors published in 1993 [1]. Each incidence of subcategories of germ cell tumors is presented in the following chapter. Germinoma and teratomas consist of approximately 65% and 15% of all germ cell tumors, and other histological subtypes are rare neoplasms (see Chapter III, “Epidemiology”).


Germ Cell Tumor Embryonal Carcinoma Histological Classification Mature Teratoma Immature Teratoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Kleihues P, Burger PC, Scheithauer BW (1993) Historical typing of tumours of the central nervous system. World Health Organization. International Histological Classification of Tumours, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 45–47.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Matsutani M, Sano K, Takakura K, Fujimaki T, Nakamura O, Funata N, Seto T (1997) Primary intracranial germ cell tumors: a clinical analysis of 153 histologically verified cases. J Neurosurg 86: 446–455PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sawamura Y, Ikeda J, Shirato H, Tada M, Abe H (1998) Germ cell tumors of the central nervous system: treatment consideration based on 111 cases and their long-term clinical outcomes. Eur J Cancer 34: 104–110PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yutaka Sawamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryHokkaido University School of MedicineSapporoJapan

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