Evaluation of Rotation Correction Techniques for Electromagnetic Position Tracking Systems

  • Volodymyr Kindratenko
  • Angela Bennett
Part of the Eurographics book series (EUROGRAPH)


Electromagnetic position tracking devices are an integral part of many modern virtual reality systems. However, they have an inherent accuracy problem due to the dependence on the local electromagnetic field that can be easily distorted by a presence of magnetically active elements near the tracker’s transmitter or receiver. Several analytical techniques have been proposed to overcome this limitation, however none of them is particularly good with the correction of rotation. In this work, we investigate various rotation correction algorithms in an attempt to identify the one that is most accurate and reliable.


Lookup Table Angular Difference Orientation Error Virtual Reality Application Rotation Correction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Meyer, K., Applewhite, H., Biocca, F.: A Survey of Position Trackers. Presence 1 (1992) 173–200Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Raab, F., Blood, E., Steioner, T., Jones, H.: Magnetic Position and Orientation Tracking System. IEEE Trans. Aerospace and Electronic Systems 15 (1979) 709–718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nixon, M., McCallum, B., Frigh, W., Price, B.: The Effects of Metals and Interfering Fields on Electromagnetic Trackers. Presence 7 (1998.) 204–218Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kindratenko, V.: Calibration of Electromagnetic Tracking Devices, Virtual Reality 4 (1999) 139–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Livingston, M., State, A.: Magnetic Tracker Calibration for Improved Augmented Reality Registration. Presence 6 (1997) 532–546Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ellis, S., Adelstein, B., Baumeler, S., Jense, G., Jacoby, R.: Sensor Spatial Distortion, Visual Latency, and Update Rate Effects on 3D Tracking in Virtual Environments. In: Proceedings IEEE Virtual Reality Conference (1999) 218–221Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shoemake, K., Animating Rotation with Quaternion Curves, Computer Graphics 19 (1985), 245–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kenwright, D., Lane, D.: Interactive Time-Dependent Particle Tracing Using Tetrahedral Decomposition, IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics 2 (1996) 120–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volodymyr Kindratenko
    • 1
  • Angela Bennett
    • 1
  1. 1.National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA)University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)UrbanaUSA

Personalised recommendations