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Selective functional rhizotomy for the treatment of spasticity in children

  • R. Abbott
  • M. Johann-Murphy
  • J. T. Gold

Abstract

During the past three years interest in the use of selective functional rhizotomy to treat spasticity has increased, particularly in the United States. This is due largely to the positive experiences of surgeons employing various techniques of sensory rhizotomies during the 1960’s, 1970’s and early 1980’s in Europe and South Africa (Fasano et al. 1980, Fraioli and Guidetti 1977, Gros et al. 1973, Laitinen et al. 1983, Peacock et al. 1987, Privat et al. 1976, Sindou et al. 1974, 1987). To understand the rationale of this procedure, a summary of the current theories of the pathophysiology is helpful.

Keywords

Cerebral Palsy Pediatric Neurosurgery Cerebral Palsy Spasticity Dorsal Root Entry Zone Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Abbott
    • 1
  • M. Johann-Murphy
    • 1
  • J. T. Gold
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric NeurosurgeryNew York University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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