The different (open surgical, percutaneous thermal, and intrathecal chemical) rhizotomies for the treatment of spasticity

  • F. Segnarbieux
  • Ph. Frerebeau


Using the animal model of mesencephalic transection, Sherrington (1940) demonstrated in 1898 that decerebrate rigidity was abolished by posterior rhizotomy. The first posterior rhizotomies were attempted independently by Bennet (1889) and Abbe (1911), the procedure having been suggested to the latter by Dana. On the background of Sherrington’s work, Foerster in 1908 (Foerster 1908) applied the posterior rhizotomy procedure from L1 to S2 for the treatment of spasticity in four patients. His results in 159 patients operated on for pain or spasticity were published in 1913 (Foerster 1913).


Cerebral Palsy Posterior Root Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy Paraplegic Patient Dorsal Root Entry Zone 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Segnarbieux
    • 1
  • Ph. Frerebeau
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurosurgery, C.H.R. Saint Eloi-Gui de ChauliacUniversity of MontpellierMontpellierFrance

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