Cross-shore selective sorting processes and grain size distributional shape

  • D. Hartmann
Part of the Acta Mechanica Supplementum book series (ACTA MECH.SUPP., volume 2)


Applying the population concept on more than a thousand beach sand samples from the southern Israeli Mediterranean coast allowed abandonment of the common single sample approach. The study suggests six distinct grain size populations related to a sequence of six beach environments, entitled: 0. and 1. inshore; 2. step; 3. mid-swash zone; 4. top-swash zone; 5. backshore; 6. and D. farbackshore wind blown sand and coastal dunes. The invariant hyperbolic shape parameter Q indicates a gradual change of the grain-size distributional form across the left part of the hyperbolic shape triangle. The shape positions (χ, ξ) in the triangle suggest that the subaqueous populations are subjected mainly to - erosion-deposition processes and move along one of the upper ’hammock’ curves in the shape triangle. The subaerial populations were found to follow mainly ℵ-erosion-deposition processes and to move along the -0.6 to -0.7 Q lines. However, this group is divided into two basically different depositional environments: water-lain backshore populations dominated by the swash-backwash bidirectional sheet flow and wind-blown sand originating from the backshore sediments. The different grain-size populations reflect the sum of modes of transport which dictate the grain size cutoffs and the typical grain size, thus defining the shape of the distributions.


Coastal Dune Shape Triangle Hyperbolic Distribution Hyperbolic Shape Beach Environment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Hartmann
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of OceanographyIsrael Oceanographic and Limnological ResearchHaifaIsrael

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