Is There any Future for Robots in Neurosurgery?

  • A. L. Benabid
  • D. Hoffmann
  • S. Lavallee
  • P. Cinquin
  • J. Demongeot
  • J. F. Le Bas
  • F. Danel
Part of the Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery book series (NEUROSURGERY, volume 18)


Since the first conception of machines that could replace humans for tasks they used to perform, the development of increasingly intelligent machines, later called robots, led to the science of synnoetics’ implying the perfect integration of humans and robots in an harmonious society. Science-fiction literature has helped us grow accustomed to the idea and the theme of mankind threatened by dominating robotic creatures has rapidly gone out of style. The prospect of an increasingly robotized society is becoming more acceptable and the recent experience of robots entering the exclusivedomain of medicine has proven that they are regarded as an addition to skill and safety rather than as a danger. Incredibly rapid progress in computer science, artificial intelligence, biomedical engineering and medical imaging, together with our society’s never ending pursuit of higher medical standards and achievements willundoubtedly foster advancements in medical robotics far beyond the scope of present-day capabilities. However, before a time has come when intelligent and flexible robots will be able to integrate the sum of clinical and paraclinical data, state a diagnosis, make a decision, and then perform a therapeutic (including surgical) procedure, not in a completely pre-programmed but in an adaptative manner based on the immediate knowledge provided by their own sensors, a considerable amount of work remains to be done well beyond the current state of the art.


Stereotactic Biopsy Guide Tube Stereotactic Frame Stereotactic Surgery Digitize Substraction Angiography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. L. Benabid
    • 1
    • 3
  • D. Hoffmann
    • 1
    • 3
  • S. Lavallee
    • 2
  • P. Cinquin
    • 2
  • J. Demongeot
    • 2
  • J. F. Le Bas
    • 1
    • 4
  • F. Danel
    • 5
  1. 1.Unité INSERM U. 318, Neurobiologie Préclinique, Laboratoire de Neurobiophysique, UFR de MédecineUniversité Joseph Fourier de GrenobleGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Biomathématiques, UFR de MédecineUniversité Joseph Fourier de GrenobleGrenobleFrance
  3. 3.Service de NeurochirurgieGrenobleFrance
  4. 4.Unité d’Imagerie par Résonance Magnétique GrenobleFrance
  5. 5.CHU Albert MichallonGrenobleFrance

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