Eyelid motor abnormalities in progressive supranuclear palsy

  • F. Grandas
  • A. Esteban
Part of the Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementa book series (NEURAL SUPPL, volume 42)


Eyelid motor abnormalities found in progressive supranuclear palsy are reviewed. Electrophysiological correlates of blepharospasm, levator inhibition (blepharokolysis) and supranuclear paralysis of lid closure are presented.

Disorders of eyelid motility are not uncommon in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). They may be found in about one third of patients with this syndrome (Jackson et al., 1983; Golbe et al., 1989). This is not surprising since ocular and eyelid movements are highly coordinated, mainly in the vertical plane (Gordon, 1951; Kennard and Smith, 1963; Kennard and Glaser, 1964), and a supranuclear ophthalmoplegia with down gaze impairment is a cardinal feature of PSP (Steele et al., 1964). The spectrum of eyelid motor disorders described in PSP includes blinking abnormalities, lid retraction, blepharospasm, levator inhibition and supranuclear palsy of eye closure.


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Eyelid Closure Blink Rate Orbicularis Oculus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Grandas
    • 1
  • A. Esteban
    • 2
  1. 1.Servicio de NeurologiaHospital General “Gregorio Marañón”MadridSpain
  2. 2.Sección de NeurofisiologíaHospital General “Gregorio Marañón”MadridSpain

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