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Introduction to the Universal System of Virus Taxonomy

  • Frederick A. Murphy
  • Claude M. Fauquet
  • David H. L. Bishop
  • Said A. Ghabrial
  • Audrey W. Jarvis
  • Giovanni P. Martelli
  • Mike A. Mayo
  • Max D. Summers
Part of the Archives of Virology Supplement 10 book series (ARCHIVES SUPPL, volume 10)

Abstract

The earliest experiments involving viruses were designed to separate them from microbes that could be seen in the light microscope and that usually could be cultivated on rather simple media. In the experiments that led to the first discoveries of viruses, by Beijerinck and Ivanovski (tobacco mosaic virus), Loeffler and Frosch (foot-and-mouth disease virus), and Reed and Carroll (yellow fever virus) at the turn of the century, one single physicochemical characteristic was measured, that being their small size as assessed by filterability (Waterson and Wilkinson, 1978). No other physicochemical measurements were made at that time, and most studies of viruses centered on their ability to cause infections and diseases. The earliest efforts to classify viruses, therefore, were based upon perceived common pathogenic properties, common organ tropisms, and common ecological and transmission characteristics. For example, viruses that share the pathogenic property of causing hepatitis (e.g., hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, yellow fever virus, and Rift Valley fever virus) would have been brought together as “the hepatitis viruses,” and plant viruses causing mosaics (e.g., cauliflower mosaic virus, ryegrass mosaic virus, brome mosaic virus, alfalfa mosaic virus, and tobacco mosaic virus) would have been brought together as “the mosaic viruses.”

Keywords

Rift Valley Fever Virus Yellow Fever Virus Brome Mosaic Virus Virus Taxonomy Phylogenetic Taxonomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick A. Murphy
    • 1
  • Claude M. Fauquet
    • 2
  • David H. L. Bishop
    • 3
  • Said A. Ghabrial
    • 4
  • Audrey W. Jarvis
    • 5
  • Giovanni P. Martelli
    • 6
  • Mike A. Mayo
    • 7
  • Max D. Summers
    • 8
  1. 1.School of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  2. 2.Division of Plant Biology-MRC7ORSTOM/The Scripps Research InstituteLa JollaUSA
  3. 3.Natural Environment Research SchoolInstitute of VirologyOxfordUK
  4. 4.Dept. of Plant PathologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  5. 5.New Zealand Dairy Research InstitutePalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  6. 6.Instituto di Patologia VegetaleBariItaly
  7. 7.Scottish Crop Research InstituteDundeeUK
  8. 8.Dept. of EntomologyTexas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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