Advertisement

The palaeoimaging and forensic anthropology of frozen sailors from the Franklin Arctic expedition mass disaster (1845–1848): a detailed presentation of two radiological surveys

  • D. Notman
  • O. Beattie
Conference paper
Part of the The Man in the Ice book series (3262, volume 3)

Abstract

Natural and human caused disasters are not limited only to our time. Over the last few decades a branch of the forensic sciences has been developed which involves the collaboration of forensic researchers and specialists with archaeologists and physical anthropologists in the investigation and interpretation of historic and prehistoric disasters causing human death, and in the investigation of the deaths of historical figures (Beattie, 1993). This paper outlines the current findings of a multidisciplinary team of specialists investigating a 19th century mass disaster, the Sir John Franklin Arctic expedition of 1845–1848, with a focus on radiological analysis.

Keywords

Lead Poisoning Osteochondritis Dissecans Dual Energy Compute Tomographic Forensic Anthropology Tinned Food 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amy, R (1994). Unpublished report on the autopsies of John Hartnell and William Braine. Edmonton: University of Alberta.Google Scholar
  2. Amy, R., Bahatnagar, R., Damkjar, E. and Beattie, O. B. (1986). Report of a post-mortem exam on a member of the last Franklin Expedition. Canadian Medical Association Journal 135: 115–117.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Aufderheide, A. (1991). Lead analysis. In S. Saunders and R. Lazenby (eds.): The Links That Bind: The Harvie Family Nineteenth Century Burying Ground. Dundas: Occasional Papers in Northeastern Archaeology No. 5, pp. 71–74.Google Scholar
  4. Barry, P. S. I. (1978). Distribution and storage of lead in human tissues. In J. D. Nriagu (ed.): The Biogeochemistry of Lead in the Environment. New York: Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, pp. 97–150.Google Scholar
  5. Beattie, O. B. (n.d.). The Results of Multidisciplinary Research into Preserved Human Tissues from the Franklin Arctic Expedition of 1845. Proceedings of the First World Congress On Study of Human Mummies, Museo Arqueologico Y. Etnografico, Cabildo de Tenerife.Google Scholar
  6. Beattie, O. B. (1983). A report on newly discovered human skeletal remains from the last Sir John Franklin Expedition. The Muskox 33: 68–77.Google Scholar
  7. Beattie, O. B (1985). Elevated bone lead levels in a crewman from the last Arctic Expedition of Sir John Franklin. In P. Sutherland (ed.): The Franklin Era in Canadian Arctic History: 1845–1859. Ottawa: National Museum of Man, Mercury Series Archaeological Survey of Canada Paper No. 131, pp. 141–148.Google Scholar
  8. Beattie, O. B. (1993). Applying modern forensic anthropology to historical problems. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Forensic Aspects of Mass Disasters and Crime Scene Reconstruction. Washington: Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice, United States Government Printing Office. Pages 79–91.Google Scholar
  9. Beattie, O. B. and Amy, R. (1991). A report on present investigations into the loss of the third Franklin expedition, emphasizing the 1984 research on Beechey Island. Inter-Nord 19: 77–86.Google Scholar
  10. Beattie, O. B. and Geiger, J. (1993). Frozen In Time. London: BloomsburyGoogle Scholar
  11. Beattie, O. B. and Savelle, J. M. (1982). Discovery of human remains from Sir John Franklin’s last Expedition. Historical Archaeology 17: 100–105.Google Scholar
  12. Carlson, A. (1993). Lead Analysis of Human Skeletons from the 19th Century Seafort Burial Site, Alberta. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta.Google Scholar
  13. CBC (1994) Primetime documentary, 12 September.Google Scholar
  14. Cyriax, R. J. (1939). Sir John Franklin’s Last Arctic Expedition. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  15. Farrer, K. T. H. (1993). Lead and the last Franklin expedition. Journal of Archaeological Science 20: 399–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gilder, W. H. (1881). Schwatka’s Search. New York: Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  17. Höpfel, F., Platzer, W. and Spindler, K. (Eds.), (1993). Der Mann im Eis, Band 1. Innsbruck: Veröffentlichungen der Universität Innsbruck 187.Google Scholar
  18. Inglefield, E. A. (1852). Unpublished letter to Sir Francis Beaufort, dated September 14, 1852. UK: Hydrographic Department, Ministry of Defense.Google Scholar
  19. Inglefield, E. A. (1853). A Summer Search for Sir John Franklin with a Peep into the Polar Basin. London: Thomas Harrison and son.Google Scholar
  20. Kerr, N. and Schweger, B. F. (1989). Survival of archaeological textiles in an arctic environment. Biodeterioration Research 2: 19–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kowal, W., Beattie, O. B., Baadsgaard, H. and Krahn, P.M. (1990). Did solder kill Franklins men? Nature 343: 319–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kowal, W., Beattie, O. B., Baadsgaard, H. and Krahn, P.M. (1991). Source identification of lead found in tissues of sailors from the Franklin Arctic Expedition of 1845–48. The Journal of Archaeological Science.Google Scholar
  23. Kowal, W., Krahn, P. and Beattie, O. B. (1989). Lead levels in human tissues from the Franklin forensic project. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 35: 119–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kowalewska-Grochowska, K., Amy, R., Lui, B., McWhirter, R. and Merrill, H. (1988). Isolation and sensitivities of centuryold bacteria from the Franklin expedition. Interscience Conference of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Los Angeles, California, 24 October.Google Scholar
  25. M’Clintock, F. L. (1908). The Voyage of the “Fox” in Arctic Seas. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  26. Magruder, W. E. (1883). Lead-poisoning from canned food. Medical News xliii: 261–263.Google Scholar
  27. Murchison, R. (1853). Commander E. A. Inglefield — Royal Awards. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 23: pp. lx–lxi.Google Scholar
  28. Neatby, L. H. (1970). The Search for Franklin. London: Barker.Google Scholar
  29. Notman, D., Anderson, L., Beattie, O. B. and Amy, R. (1987). Arctic paleoradiology: portable radiographic examination of two frozen sailors from the Franklin expedition (1845–48). American Journal of Roentgenology 149: 347–350.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nourse, J. E. (ed.) (1879). Narrative of the Second Arctic Expedition of C. F. Hall. Washington: United States Naval Observatory.Google Scholar
  31. Osborn, S. (1865). Stray Leaves from an Arctic Journal; or, Eighteen Months in the Polar Regions, in Search of Sir John Franklin’s Expedition, in the Years 1850–51. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.Google Scholar
  32. Rae, J. (1855). Arctic exploration, with information respecting Sir John Franklin’s missing party. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 25: 246–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ratcliffe, J. M. (1981). Lead in Man and the Environment. Toronto: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  34. Schweger, B. F. and Kerr, N. (1987). Textiles collected during the temporary exhumation of a crew member from the Third Franklin Expedition. Journal of the International Institute for Conservation — Canadian Group 12: 9–19.Google Scholar
  35. Stackpole, E. A. (ed.) (1965). The Long Arctic Search: The Narrative of Lieutenant Frederick Schwatka, USA, 1878–1880. Mystic: Marine Historical Association.Google Scholar
  36. Sutherland, P. C. (1852). Journal of a Voyage in Baffin’s Bay and Barrow Strait in the Years 1850–51. London.Google Scholar
  37. U.S. Department of Health and Social Services (1988). The Nature and Extent of Lead Poisoning in Children in the United States: A Report to Congress. Georgia: Public Health Service.Google Scholar
  38. Woodman, D. C. (1991). Unraveling the Franklin Mystery: Inuit Testimony. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Notman
    • 1
  • O. Beattie
    • 2
  1. 1.Palaeoimaging and Forensic Radiology, Director, Musculoskeletal ImagingMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

Personalised recommendations