Importance and impact of veterinary virology in Germany

  • M. C. Horzinek
Part of the Archives of Virology. Supplementa book series (ARCHIVES SUPPL, volume 15)


The causative agent of tobacco mosaic and of foot and mouth disease (FMD) were recognized in 1898 as “filterable” or “invisible” — and eventually termed “virus”. Four years later the viral aetiology of yellow fever was established, and the new discipline took off. Thus animal virology started with a veterinary problem, and Germany’s contribution during the following decades came mainly from the chairs of veterinary teaching and research establishments in Giessen, Munich and Hanover, the Riems Institute, and the Federal Research Institute for Animal Virus Diseases in Tübingen. From a superficial bibliometric analysis, a wide divergence in impact figures is noted, with excellent contributions in international virology journals and lesser papers in German veterinary journals. The publications in the observed time frame reveal a fascination by virion structure, physical characteristics and structure-function relationships with little work published in journals dedicated to immunology and pathogenesis.


Impact Factor Yellow Fever Immediacy Index Virion Structure Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Beijerinck MW (1899) Über ein Contagium vivum fluidum als Ursache der Flek-kenkrankheit der Tabaksblätter. Zentralbl Bakt Abt II 5: 27–33Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bos L (1981) Hundred years of Koch’s postulates and the history of etiology in plant virus research. Neth J Plant Pathol 87: 91–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Klotz R (1857) Handwörterbuch der lateinischen Sprache. G. Westermann, BraunschweigGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ivanovsky D (1899) Über die Mosaikkrankheit der Tabakspflanze. Centralbl Bakteriol II 5: 250–254Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ivanovsky D (1903) Über die Mosaikkrankheit der Tabakspflanze. Z Pfl Krankh 13:1–41Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mayer A (1886) Ueber die Mosaikkrankheit des Tabaks. Landw Vers Stn 32: 451–467 [English translation (1942) Concerning the mosaic disease of tobacco. Phytopathol Classics 7: 11-24]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Horzinek
    • 1
  1. 1.Veterinary Faculty, Virology UnitUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations