Recent Advances in the Treatment of Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumors

  • Y. Sawamura
  • H. Shirato
  • N. de Tribolet
Part of the Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery book series (NEUROSURGERY, volume 25)


Central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCT) are rare neoplasms primarily occurring in adolescent and pediatric populations. The age-adjusted incidence rate in the United States is 0.1 per 100,000 person-years. These GCT are, however, more common in far-east Asia than in western countries. The incidences in the United States and Japan account for 0.5% and 3.1% of all primary brain tumors, respectively (CBTRUS 1996, JBTR 1996).


Embryonal Carcinoma Pineal Region Mature Teratoma Immature Teratoma Craniospinal Irradiation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Sawamura
    • 2
  • H. Shirato
    • 2
  • N. de Tribolet
    • 1
  1. 1.Hôpital Cantonal UniversitaireGenèveSwitzerland
  2. 2.Hokkaido University School of MedicineSapporoJapan

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