Animation and Simulation Techniques for VR-Training Systems in Endoscopic Surgery

  • H. K. Çakmak
  • U. Kühnapfel
Part of the Eurographics book series (EUROGRAPH)


We present new animation and simulation techniques to improve the visual realism of virtual reality (VR) based training systems for minimally invasive surgery (MIS). This paper describes the Karlsruhe Training System for Endoscopic Surgery and focuses on the need of animation and simulation methods for realistic visual effects to increase the acceptance of VR-based training systems by surgeons. In detail, interactive modeling and simulation of soft tissue is presented and basic surgical interaction modules are introduced. The remainder of the paper describes a new method for simulating irrigation and suction, new simulation and animation methods for hemodynamics (pulse, bleeding), organ motility, smoke and fluids.


Virtual Reality Training System Pulse Velocity Force Wave Deformable Object 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. K. Çakmak
    • 1
  • U. Kühnapfel
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbHInstitut für Angewandte InformatikKarlsruheGermany

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