Advertisement

The Midline Area (Figs. 57 to 92)

  • Wolfgang Seeger

Abstract

Allocortical (limbic) structures run at a nearly concentric course surrounding Corpus callosum:
  • Dorsal from Corpus callosum: Striae corporis callosi and the allo- and mesocortical Gyrus cinguli (Mesocortex: Mixtum of Alloand Neocortex)

  • Basal from Corpus callosum: Fornix, Area dentata, Hippocampus, Gyrus parahippocampalis deviate in a basolateral direction. Transversal transections of these allocortical structures are given by concentric slices of MRI. The center of the curvature of Fornix is located close to Adhaesio interthalamica (see Figs. 57 to 72). Transversal presentations are favorable for spatial imagination, as it is necessary for the neurosurgeon and the neuroradiologist. Elderly individuals with a brain atrophy (CSF-spaces widened) may present the shapes of cerebral structures better than younger individuals, as seen in Figs. 57 to 72. However, the temporomedial Allocortex is not presented as clearly: this is seen dorsomedially, because there is no atrophy of the hippocampal area, and Cornu inf. is not widened. Concentric slices are not easy to understand. For a better orientation some slices of MRI may be selected from the series of concentric slices:

  • Slice 2 is an axial slice, containing Commissura ant. and post.

  • Slice 3 contains For. interventriculare (Monroi)

  • Slice 6 represents the typical configuration of coronal slices at the level of the posterior wall of Porus acusticus ext.

  • Slice 7 transects the anterior wall of Porus acust. ext. Note the configuration of Pons: The difference between slice 7 and conventional coronal slices is minimal, because Pons and Porus acusticus ext. are located in the same basal area dorsal from Clivus

  • Slice 9: Level of Corpora mamillaria

  • Slice 11: Sella turcica

  • Back to slice 1: Inferior tangent of Splenium, superior from Corpus pineale Note the anterior segment of this slice. Crista galli and a small variant of Falx are transected.

Keywords

Corpus Callosum Anterior Cerebral Artery Cerebral Vein Cavum Septi Pellucidi Sectional Enlargement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbie AA (1933/34) The morphology of the forebrain arteries, with especial reference to the evolution of the basal ganglia. J Anat (Lond) 68: 433–470Google Scholar
  2. Ahmed OS, Ahmed RH (1967) The recurrent branch of the anterior cerebral artery. Anat Rec 157: 699–700PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Akert K (1985) Das Limbische System. In: Zenker W, Benninghoff A (Hrsg) Anatomie Vol. 3. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München, Wien, Baltimore, S 395–416Google Scholar
  4. Alcolado R, Weller RO, Parrish EP, et al. (1988) The cranial arachnoid and pia mater in man: Anatomical and ultrastructural observations. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol 14: 1–17PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Andy OJ, Stephan H (1968) The Septum in the human brain. J Comp Neurol 133: 383–410PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Anthony J (1972) Le nevraxe des mammiferes. In: Grasse PP (ed) Traite de Zoologie. Anatomie, Systematique, Biologie. Vol. 16. Part 4. Masson, Paris, pp 1–275Google Scholar
  7. Apuzzo MLJ (1987) Surgery of the third ventricle. Williams and Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  8. Apuzzo MLJ, Chikovani OK, Gott PS, Teng EL, Zee CS, Weis MH (1982) Transcallosal, interfornicial approaches for lesions affecting the third ventricle: surgical considerations and consequences. Neurosurgery 10: 547–554PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Armstrong R, Falk D (1982) Primate brain evolution. Methods and concepts. Plenum Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Bargmann W, Schade JP (1983) The rhinencephalon and related structures. According to Stephen, 1975Google Scholar
  11. Bosma NJ (1977) Infra-optic course of anterior cerebral artery and low bifurcation of the internal carotid artery. Acta Nerochir (Wien) 38: 305–312Google Scholar
  12. Braak E (1978) On the structure of the human striate area. Lamina IV. cB. Cell Tissue Res 188: 217–234PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Brant-Zawadzki M (1987) Magnetic resonance. Imaging of the central nervous system. Raven Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Broca P (1878) Anatomie comparee des circonvolutions cerebrales. Le grand lobe limbique et al scissure limbique dans la serie des mammiferes. Rev Anthrop I: 385–498Google Scholar
  15. Browder J, Kaplan HA, Krieger AJ (1976) Anatomical features of the straight sinus and its tributaries. Clinical correlations. J Neurosurg 44: 55–61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Capra NF, Anderson KV (1984) anatomy of the cerebral venous system. Chapter 1. In: Kapp JP, Schmidek HH (eds) The cerebral venous system and its disorders. Grune & Stratton, Orlando, San Diego, San Francisco, pp 1–36Google Scholar
  17. Clara M (1959) Das Nervensystem des Menschen. Barth, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  18. Dunker RO, Harris AB (1976) Surgical anatomy of the proximal anterior cerebral artery. J Neurosurg 44: 359–367PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Duvernoy HM (1972) The vascular architecture of the median eminence. In: Grain endocrine interaction. Median eminence; structure and function. Int. Symposium, Munich 1971. Karger, Basel, pp 79–108Google Scholar
  20. Duvernoy HM (1978) Human brainstem vessels. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Duvernoy HM (1983) Cortical veins of the human brain. In: Auer LM, Loew F (eds) The cerebral veins: an experimental and clinical update. Springer, Wien New York, pp 3–38Google Scholar
  22. Duvernoy HM, Koritke JG, Monnier G (1969) Sur la vascularisation de la lame terminale humaine. Z Zellforsch 102: 49–77PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Duvernoy HM, Koritke JG, Monnier G (1971) Sur la vascularisation du tuber posterieur chez l’homme et sur les relations vasculaires tubero-hypophysaires. J Neurol Visc Relat 32: 112–142Google Scholar
  24. Eggert HR, see Seeger W (1990) Strategies of microsurgery in problematic brain areas — with special reference to NMR. Springer, Wien New York, pp 164–179Google Scholar
  25. Ferner H, Kautzky T (1959) Angewandte Anatomie des Gehirns und seiner Hüllen. In: Olivecrona H, Tönnis W (Hrsg) Handbuch der Neurochirurgie Band I, Grundlagen. Teil 1. Angewandte Anatomie, Physiologie und Pathophysiologie. Springer, Berlin Göttingen Heidelberg, S 1–90Google Scholar
  26. Foley JM, Kinney ThP, Alexander L (1942) The vascular supply of the hypothalamus in man. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol I: 265Google Scholar
  27. Fujii K, Lenkey C, Rhoton AL jr (1980) Microsurgical anatomy of the choroidal arteries: Lateral and third ventricles. J Neurosurg 52: 165–188PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. George AE, Salamon G, Kricheff II... (1975) Pathologie anatomy of the thalamoperforating arteries in lesions of third ventricle: Part II. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 124: 231–240PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Gibo H, Kobayashi S, Kyoshima K, et al. (1988) Microsurgical anatomy of the arteries of the pituitary stalk and gland as viewed from above. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 90: 60–66Google Scholar
  30. Gillian LA (1968) The arterial and venous supplies to the fore-brain of primates. Neurology (Minneap.) 18: 653–670Google Scholar
  31. Goldberg HI (1974) The anterior choroidal artery. In: Newton TH, Pottis DG (eds) Radiology of skull and brain, Vol. II, Book 2. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 1628–1658Google Scholar
  32. Gomez F, Dujovny M, Umansky F, Ausman JI, et al. (1984) Microsurgical anatomy of the recurrent artery of Heubner. J Neurosurg 60: 130–139Google Scholar
  33. Hamilton WJ, Boyd DJ, Mossman HW (1972) Human embryology. Heffer, Cambridge, pp 228–290Google Scholar
  34. Hassler R, Stephan H (1966) Evolution of the forebrain. Phyologenesis and ontogenesis of the forebrain. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  35. Heimer L (1983) The human brain and spinal cord. Functional neuroanatomy and dissection guide. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  36. Hess WR (1954) Das Zwischenhirn. 2. Auflage. Schwabe, BaselGoogle Scholar
  37. Heubner JBO (1872) Zur Topographie der Ernahrungsgebiete der einzelnen Hirnarterien. Zbl med Wiss 52: 817–821Google Scholar
  38. Hinrichsen KV (1990) Humanembryologie. Lehrbuch und Atlas der vorgeburtlichen Entwicklung des Menschen. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  39. His W (1889) Die Formenentwicklung des menschlichen Vorderhirns vom Ende des ersten bis zum Beginn des dritten Monats. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaft, Bd 15, No 8Google Scholar
  40. Huang YP, Wolf BS (1963) Suberpendymal veins of lateral ventricles. Am J Roentgenol 91: 406–426Google Scholar
  41. Huang YP, Wolf BS (1963) Angiographic features of the pericallosal cistern. Am J Roentgenol 92: 14–23Google Scholar
  42. Iliev-Urbaniec H (1988) Zur Morphometrie und Formvariabilitat des Corpus Callosum. Eine In-Vivo Kernspintomographische Studie. Dissertation, Abteilung für Neuroradilogie des Röntgendiagnostischen Zentralinstitutes des Universitätsspitals ZürichGoogle Scholar
  43. Isherwood I, Dutton J (1969) Unusual anomaly of anterior cerebral artery. Acta Radiol Diagn 9: 345–351Google Scholar
  44. Johanson C (1954) The central veins and deep dural sinuses of the brain; an anatomical and angiographic study. Acta Radiol (Stockh.) [Suppl] 107: 5–184Google Scholar
  45. Kaplan HA (1959) The transcerebral venous system: an anatomical study. Arch Neurol (Chic.) I: 148–152Google Scholar
  46. Kaplan HA, Browder J (1973) Atresia of the rostral superior sagittal sinus: substitute para sagittal venous channels. J Neurosurg 38: 602–607PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Kelly PJ (1991) Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging based stereotactic resection of deep seated intracranial tumors. In: Schmidek HH, Sweet WH (eds) Operative neurosurgical techniques: indications, methods, and results. Grune und Stratton, Orlando, pp 481–490Google Scholar
  48. Knosp E, Müller G, Perneczky A (1988) The paraclinoid carotid artery: anatomical aspects of a microneurosurgical approach. Neurosurgery 22: 896–901PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Krayenbtihl H, Yaşargil MG (1959) Etude clinique. In: Krayenbtihl H, et al.: L’ Anevrysme de l’ Artere Communicante Anterieure. Masson, Paris, pp 57–70Google Scholar
  50. Krayenbtihl H, Yaşargil MG (1965) Die zerebrale Angiographie. Lehrbuch für Klinik und Praxis. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  51. Krayenbtihl H, Yaşargil MG (1968) Cerebral angiography. Butterworth, LondonGoogle Scholar
  52. Kribs R, Kleihues P (1971) The recurrent artery of Heubner. In: Zülch KJ (ed) Cerebral circulation and stroke. Springer, Berlin, pp 40–56Google Scholar
  53. Lang J (1979) Gehirn. In: Lang J, Wachsmuth W (Hrsg) Praktische Anatomie. Springer, Berlin HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  54. Lang J (1983) Clinical anatomy of the head. Neurocranium-orbit-craniocervical regions. Translated by Wilson RR and Winstanley DP. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  55. Lang J, Brunner FX (1978) Über die Rami centrales der Aa. cerebri anterior and media. Gegenbaurs morph Jb 124: 364Google Scholar
  56. Lasjaunias P, Garcia-Monaco R, Rodesch G, et al. (1991) Deep venous drainage in great cerebral vein (vein of Galen) absence and malformations. Neuroradiology 33: 234–238PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Lazorthes G, Gaubert J, Poulhes J (1956) La distribution centrale et corticale de l’artere cerebrale anterieure. Etude anatomique et incidences neurochirurgicales. Neuro-chirurgie 2: 237–253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Lazorthes G, Gouaze A, Salamon G (1975) Vascularisation et Circulation de l’Encephale. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar
  59. Leblanc A (1992) Anatomy and imaging of the cranial nerves. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  60. Lin JP, Kricheff II (1974) The anterior cerebral artery complex. Section I. Normal anterior cerebral artery complex. In: Newton TH, Potts DG (eds) Radiology of the skull and brain, Vol II. Book 2, Arteries. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 1391–1410Google Scholar
  61. Mall FP ( 1904) On the development of blood vessels of the brain in the human embryo. Amer J Anat 4: 1–18Google Scholar
  62. Marchand F (1891) Über die Entwicklung des Balkens im menschlichen Gehirn. Arch Mikrosk Anat 37: 298–334Google Scholar
  63. Marin-Padilla M (1970) Prenatal and early postnatal ontogenesis of the human motor cortex. A Golgi study. Part I. The sequential development of the cortical layers. Brain Res 23: 167–183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Marin-Padilla M (1970) Prenatal and early postnatal ontogenesis of the human motor cortex: A Golgi study. Part II. The basket pyramidal system. Brain Res 23: 185–191PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Marin-Padilla M (1983) Structural organization of the human cerebral cortex prior to the appearance of the cortical plate. Anat Embryol 168: 21–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Marin-Padilla M (1985) Early vascularization of the embryonic cerebral cortex: Golgi and electron microscopic studies. J Comp Neurol 241: 237–249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Marin-Padilla M (1987) Embryology. Embryogenesis of the early vascularization of the central nervous system. In: Yaşargil MG (ed) Microsurgery. Vol IIIa. Thieme, Stuttgart, New York, pp 23–47Google Scholar
  68. Marino R (1976) The anterior cerebral artery: I. Anatomo-radiological study of its cortical territories. Surg Neurol 5: 81–87PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Martin R (1928) Lehrbuch der Anthropologie, Bd 2, 2. Aufl. Fischer, JenaGoogle Scholar
  70. McLean P (1973) The limbic galaxy. In: Heppner F (ed) Limbisches System und Epilepsie. Huber, Bern, pp 52–61Google Scholar
  71. Mesulam M (1985) Patterns in behavioural anatomy: association areas, the limbic system, and hemispheric specialization. In: Mesulam M (ed) Principles of behavioral neurology. Davies, Philadelphia, pp 1–70Google Scholar
  72. Moffat DB (1962) The embryology of the arteries of the brain. Ann roy Coll Surg Engl 30: 368–382Google Scholar
  73. Moscow NP, Michotey P, Salamon G (1974) The anterior cerebral artery complex. Section II. anatomy of the cortical branches of the anterior cerebral artery. In: Newton TH, Potts DG (eds) Radiology of the skull and brain. Vol. II, Book 2: Arteries. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 1411–1420Google Scholar
  74. Oka K, Rhoton AL Jr, Barry M, et al. (1985) Microsurgical anatomy of the superficial veins of the cerebrum. Neurosurgery 17: 711–748PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Patterson RH Jr, Danylevich A (1980) Surgical removal of craniopharyngiomas by a transcranial approach through the lamina terminalis and sphenoid sinus. Neurosurgery 7: 111–117PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Perese DM (1960) Superficial veins of the brain from a surgical point of view. J Neurosurg 17: 402–412PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Perlmutter D, Rhoton AL (1976) Microsurgical anatomy of the anterior cerebral-anterior communicating-recurrent artery complex. J Neurosurg 45: 259–272PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Perlmutter D, Rhoton AL (1978) Microsurgical anatomy of the distal anterior cerebral artery. J Neurosurg 49: 204–228PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Plets C (1969) The arterial blood supply and angioarchitecture of the posterior wall of the third ventricle. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 21: 309–317Google Scholar
  80. Plets C, De Reuck J, Vander Eecken H, Van den Bergh R (1970) The vascularization of the human thalamus. Acta Neurol Belg 70: 688–770Google Scholar
  81. Poppen JL (1966) The right occipital approach to a pinealoma. J Neurosurg 25: 706–710PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Renn WH, Rhoton AL (1975) Microsurgical anatomy of the sellar region. J Neurosurg 43: 288–298PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Retzius G (1877) Notiz tiber die Windungen an der unteren FHiche des Splenium corporis callosi beim Menschen und bei Tieren. Arch Anat Physiol AnatGoogle Scholar
  84. Retzius G (1896) Das Menschenhirn. Studien in der Makroskopischen Morphologie. Konigliche Buchdruckerei. Norstedt & Sohne. StockholmGoogle Scholar
  85. Retzius G (1902) Zur Kenntnis der Gehirnbasis und ihrer Ganglien beim Menschen. Biol Unters 1902: 69–72Google Scholar
  86. Rhoton AL (1987) Microsurgical anatomy of the third ventricular region. In: Apuzzo MLJ (ed) Surgery of the third ventricle. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 92–166Google Scholar
  87. Rhoton AL (1990) Microsurgical anatomy of the lateral ventricle. In: Wilkins RH, Rengachary SS (eds) Neurosurgery update I. Diagnosis, operative technique and neuro-oncology. McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, St. Louis, San Francisco, pp 354–368Google Scholar
  88. Rhoton AL Jr, Fujii K, Saeki M, et al. (1982) Microsurgical anatomy of aneurysms, Part I. In: Hopkins LN, Long DM (eds) Clinical management of intracranial aneurysms. Raven, New York, pp 201–243Google Scholar
  89. Rhoton AL Jr, Harris FS, Fujii K (1984) Anatomy of the cavernous sinus. In: Kapp JP, Schmidek HH (eds) The cerebral venous system and its disorders. Grune & Statton, Orlando, pp 61–91Google Scholar
  90. Rhoton AL Jr, Yamamoto I. Peace DA (1981) Microsurgery of the third ventricle: Operative approaches. Part II. Neurosurgery 8: 357–373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Ring BA, Waddington MM (1968) Roentgenographic anatomy of the pericallosal arteries. Am J Roentgenol 104: 109–118Google Scholar
  92. Rosner SS, Rhoton AL Jr, Ono M, Barry M (1984) Microsurgical anatomy of the anterior perforating arteries. J Neurosurg 61: 468–485PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Salamon G (1971) Atla de la vascularisation arterielle du cerveau chez I’homme. Sandoz, Paris, p 189Google Scholar
  94. Salamon G (1973) Atlas of the arteries of the human brain. Sandoz, Paris (1st. ed. 1970, 2nd ed. 1973)Google Scholar
  95. Salamon G, Huang YP (1976) Radiologic anatomy of the brain. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  96. Scharrer E (1950) A technique for the demonstration of the blood vessels in the developing central nervous system. Anat Rec 107: 319PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Schlesinger B (1939) The venous drainage of the brain, with special reference to the Galenic system. Brain 62: 274–291Google Scholar
  98. Seeger W (1978) Atlas of topographical anatomy of the brain and surrounding structures. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  99. Seeger W (1980) Microsurgery of the brain 1. Springer, 1Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  100. Seeger W (1980) Microsurgery of the brain 2. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  101. Seeger W (1982) Microsurgery of the spinal cord and surrounding structures. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  102. Seeger W (1983) Microsurgery of the cranial base. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  103. Seeger W (1984) Microsurgery of cerebral veins. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  104. Seeger W (1985) Differential approaches in microsurgery of the brain. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  105. Seeger W (1986) Planning strategies of intracranial microsurgery. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  106. Seeger W (1987) Anatomical dissections for use in neurosurgery, vol 1. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  107. Seeger W (1988) Anatomical dissections for use in neurosurgery, vol 2. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  108. Seeger W (1990) Strategies of microsurgery in problematic brain areas — with special reference to NMR. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  109. Seeger W (1993) The microsurgical approaches to the target areas of the brain. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  110. Seeger W (1995) Microsurgery of intracranial tumors, 1. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  111. Seeger W (1995) Microsurgery of intracranial tumors, 2. Springer, Wien New YorkGoogle Scholar
  112. Stein BM (1988) Transcallosal approach to tumors of the third ventricle. In: Schmidek HH, Sweet WH (eds) Operative neurosurgical techniques. Grune & Stratton, Orlando, pp 331–388Google Scholar
  113. Stein RL, Rosenbaum AE (1974) Deep supratentorial veins. Section I. Normal deep cerebral venous system. In: Newton TH, Potts DG (eds) Radiology of the skull and brain, Vol II, Book 3: Angiography. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 1904–1998Google Scholar
  114. Stephan H (1975) Allocortex. In: Bargmann W (Hrsg) Handbuch der mikroskopischen Anatomie des Menschen. Bd. 4. Nervensystem, Teil 9. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  115. Stephens RB, Stilwell DL (1969) Arteries and veins of the human brain. Thomas, SpringfieldGoogle Scholar
  116. Stevenson J, Knopp EA, Litt AW (1995) MPRAGE subtraction venography: a new technique. J Magn Reson Imaging 5: 239–241PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Sumanaweera TS, Adler JR Jr, Napel S, et al. (1994) Characterization of spatial distortion in magnetic resonance imaging and its implications for stereotactic surgery. Neurosurgery 35: 696–704PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Sumanaweera TS, Glover GH, Binford RO, et al. (1993) MR susceptibility misregistration correction. IEEE Trans Med Imaging 12: 251–259PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Sumanaweera TS, Glover GH, Hemler PF, et al. (1995) MR geometric distortion correction for improved frame-based stereotaxic target localization accuracy. Magn Reson Med 34: 106–113PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Suzuki J, Katakura R, Mori T (1984) Interhemispheric approach through the lamina terminalis to tumours of the anterior part of the third ventricle. Surg Neurol 22: 157–163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Timurkaynak E, Rhoton AL, Barry M (1986) Microsurgical anatomy and operative approaches to the lateral ventricles. Neurosurgery 19: 685–723PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Velut S, Santini JJ (1987) anatomie microchirurgicale de l’ampoule de Galien. Neurochirurgie 33: 264–271PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Wolf BS, Huang YP (1964) The subependymal veins of the lateral ventricle. AJR 91: 406–426Google Scholar
  124. Woodhall B (1936) Variations of the cranial venous sinuses in the region of the torcula herophili. Arch Surg 33: 297–314Google Scholar
  125. Yamamoto I, Kageyama N (1980) Microsurgical anatomy of the pineal region. J Neurosurg 53: 205–221PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Yamamoto I, Rhoton AL Jr, Peace DA (1981) Microsurgery of the third ventricle. Part I. Neurosurgery 8: 334–356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Yaşargil MG (1984-1996) Microneurosurgery. Thieme, Stuttgart New York I: Microsurgical anatomy of the basal cisterns and vessels of the brain (1984) II: Clinical considerations, surgery of the intracranial aneurysms and results (1984) IlIA: AVM of the brain, history, embryology, pathological considerations, diagnostic studies, microsurgical anatomy (1987) I1IB: AVM of the brain, clinical considerations, general and special operative techniques, surgical results, non-operated cases, caverouns and venous angiomas, neuro-anesthesia (1988) IVA: CNS tumors: Surgical anatomy, neuropathology, Neuro-radiology, neurophysiology, clinical considerations, operability, treatment options (1994) IVB: Microsurgery of CNS tumors (1996)Google Scholar
  128. Yaşargil MG (1994) In: Smith RD, Young PH, Teddy PJ (eds) Microsurgical anatomy of the basal cisterns and vessels of the brain, diagnostic studies, general operative techniques and pathological considerations of the intracranial aneurysms. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  129. Yaşargil MG, von Ammon K, Cavazos E, Doczi T, Reeves JD, Roth P (1992) Tumours of the limbic and paralimbic systems. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 118: 40–52Google Scholar
  130. Yaşargil MG, Fox JL, Ray MW (1975) The operative approach to aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery. In: Krayenbühl H (ed) Advances und Technical Standards in Neurosurgery 2: 113–1970Google Scholar
  131. Yaşargil MG, Reeves JD (1992) Tumours of the limbic and paralimbic system. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 116: 147–149Google Scholar
  132. Yaşargil MG, Teddy PJ, Roth P (1987) Combined approach. In: Apuzzo MLJ (ed) Surgery of the third ventricle. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 462–475Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Seeger
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität Freiburg Br.Federal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations