ABO(H) System

  • Helmut Schenkel-Brunner


The ABO system was discovered in 1900 by Karl Landsteiner. Based on his assumption of two erythrocyte antigens, A and B, Landsteiner found it possible to classify human individuals into four blood groups depending whether one, both, or neither of these antigenic characters were present on the cells [272,273]. He also recognised that the sera of individuals lacking one or both antigens usually contain anti-A and/or anti-B isoagglutinins (see Table 5.1).


Blood Group Erythrocyte Membrane Carbohydrate Chain Acceptor Substrate Human Erythrocyte Membrane 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmut Schenkel-Brunner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Medizinische BiochemieUniversität WienViennaAustria

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