Advertisement

Introduction

  • Helmut Schenkel-Brunner

Abstract

At the turn of this century Karl Landsteiner discovered the blood group ABO system of human erythrocytes. The importance of blood group antigens in clinical transfusion practice and in haemolytic disease of the newborn was soon recognised, and thorough investigations led to the discovery of a vast number of red cell antigenic characters. More than 600 erythrocyte antigens have been defined thus far(see [4]); while some of these antigens are common red cell characteristics in a given population, others may be extremely rare and found only in one family. Significant differences in statistical frequency have been observed between the different races.

Keywords

Blood Group Blood Group Antigen Blood Group System Haemolytic Disease Erythrocyte Antigen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Daniels, G. L. Anstee, D. J., Cartron, J. P., Dahr, W., Henry, S., Issitt, P. D., Jorgensen, J., Judd, W. J., Kornstad, L., Levene, C., Lomas-Francis, C., Lubenko, A., Mallory, D., Moulds, J. M., Moulds, J. J., Okubo, Y., Overbeeke, M., Reid, M. E., Rouger, P., Seidl, S., Sistonen, P., Wendel, S. & Zelinski, T. (1996): Terminology for red cell surface antigens — Makuhari report. Vox Sang. 71, 246–248.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Daniels, G. L., Anstee, D. J., Cartron, J. P., Dahr, W., Issitt, P. D., Jorgensen, J., Kornstad, L., Levene, C., Lomas-Francis, C., Lubenko, A., Mallory, D., Moulds, J. J., Okubo, Y., Overbeeke, M., Reid, M. E., Rouger, P., Seidl, S., Sistonen, P., Wendel, S., Woodfield, G. & Zelinski, T. (1995): Blood group terminology 1995 — ISBT working party on terminology for red cell surface antigens. Vox Sang. 69, 265–279.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Daniels, G. L., Moulds, J. J., Anstee, D. J., Bird, G. W. G., Brodheim, E., Cartron, J. P., Dahr, W., Engelfriet, C. P., Issitt, P. D., Jorgensen, J., Kornstad, L., Lewis, M., Levene, C., Lubenko, A., Mallory, D., Morel, P., Nordhagen, R., Okubo, Y, Reid, M., Rouger, P., Salmon, C., Seidl, S., Sistonen, P., Wendel, S., Woodfield, G. & Zelinski, T. (1993): ISBTWorking Party on Terminology for Red Cell Surface Antigens — Sao Paulo report. Vox Sang. 65, 77–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Issitt, P. D. (1985): Applied Blood Group Serology. Montgomery Scientific Publications, Miami, FL.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lewis, M., Allen, F. H., Anstee, D. J., Bird, G. W. G., Brodheim, E., Contreras, M., Crookston, M., Dahr, W., Engelfriet, C. P., Giles, C. M., Issitt, P. D., Jørgensen, J., Kronstad, L., Leikola, J., Lubenko, A., Marsh, W. L., Moore, B. P. L., Morel, P., Moulds, J. J., Nevanlinna, H., Nordhagen, R., Rosenfield, R. E., Sabo, B. & Salmon (1985): ISBT workshop party on terminology for red cell surface antigens: Munich Report. Vox Sang. 49, 171–175.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lewis, M., Anstee, D. J., Bird, G. W. G., Brodheim, E., Cartron, J. P., Contreras, M., Dahr, W., Daniels, G. L., Engelfriet, C. P., Issitt, P. D., Jorgensen, J., Kornstad, L., Lubenko, A., Mccreary, J., Morel, P., Moulds, J. J., Nevanlinna, H., Nordhagen, R., Okubo, Y., Pehta, J., Rouger, P., Rubinstein, P., Salmon, C., Seidl, S., Sistonen, P., Tippett, P., Walker, R. H.,G.,W., Young, S. & Zeunski, T. (1991): ISBT Working Party on Terminology for Red Cell Surface Antigens: Los Angeles report. Vox Sang. 61, 158–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lewis, M., Anstee, D. J., Brid, G. W. G., Brodheim, E., Cartron, J. P., Contreras, M., Crookston, M. C., Dahr, W., Daniels, G. L., Engelfriet, C. P., Giles, C. M., Issitt, P. D., Jorgensen, J., Kornstad, L., Lubenko, A., Marsh, W. L., Mccreary, J., Moore, B. P. L., Morel, P., Moulds, J. J., Nevanlinna, H., Nordhagen, R., Okubo, Y., Rosenfield, R. E., Rouger, P., Rubinstein, P., Salmon, C., Seidl, S., Sistonen, P., Tippett, P., Walker, R. H., Woodfield, G. & Young, S. (1990): Blood group terminology 1990. Vox Sang. 58, 152–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mourant, A. E. (1983): Blood Relations — Blood Groups and Anthropology. University Press, London, Oxford.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ugozzoli, L. & Wallace, R. B. (1992): Application of an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction to the direct determination of ABO blood group genotypes. Genomics 12, 670–674.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zelinski, T. (1991): The use of DNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms in conjunction with blood group serology. Transfusion 31, 762–770.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helmut Schenkel-Brunner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Medizinische BiochemieUniversität WienViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations