First Principles Description of Shell Structure in Metal Clusters

  • H. Kamimura
  • O. Sugino
Conference paper
Part of the Few-Body Systems book series (FEWBODY, volume 12)


The magic numbers were observed in alkali-metal clusters. In order to explain this striking phenomenon, a spherical jellium model was introduced. This phenomenological model successfully explained the appearance of magic numbers in terms of shell structure, like the shell model in the nuclear theory. For this model Sugino and Kamimura raised questions, asking if a shell structure really exists in small clusters or why the stable shapes of metal clusters are always spherical or spheroidal. Then they performed first-principles calculations for lithium clusters Li N with N = 4 to 36 for obtaining the stable structures of clusters. In this paper their theoretical treatment is reviewed.


Shell Structure Metal Cluster Magic Number Electron Charge Density Jellium Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Kamimura
    • 1
  • O. Sugino
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsGraduate School of Science, Science University of TokyoShinjuku-ku, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Fundamental Research LaboratoriesNEC CorporationTsukubaJapan

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