Control Sensitivity SVM for Imbalanced Data A Case Study on Automotive Material

  • K. K. Lee
  • C. J. Harris
  • S. R. Gunn
  • P. A. S. Reed
Conference paper


In many classification problems the data is imbalanced, that is the class priors are different. Here we consider the classification problem of fatigue crack initiation in automotive camshafts, where this imbalance is significant. The standard averaging technique used to access the performance of a model is inappropriate for imbalanced data and therefore the geometric mean, was used to evaluate the performance of the model. It has been shown elsewhere that the original SVM estimate concurs with that of the Bayes optimal decision rule. As such, a comparison was investigated using Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Controlled Sensitivity (CS) SVM using two different training sets, with different class ratios (1:8 and 1:1) between the “crack” and “no crack” respectively. Result show that the obtained balanced training set gave improved performance for the SVM. Alternatively, using imbalanced training data the CS SVM outperformed the SVM. Although, the computation speed for balanced data is faster, however, the emphasis in this application is for model performance, as such, the CS SVM with imbalanced produced an average estimated generalisation performance of over 71%.


Support Vector Machine Fatigue Crack Radial Basis Function Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve True Positive 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. K. Lee
  • C. J. Harris
    • 1
  • S. R. Gunn
    • 1
  • P. A. S. Reed
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Computer ScienceUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  2. 2.Material Research Groups, School of Engineering SciencesUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

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