Teaching and Training in Endoscopic Microsurgery

  • R. Koller
  • P. Giovanoli
  • M. Frey
Part of the Update in Plastic Surgery book series (UPDATEPLASTIC)


The use of endoscopic techniques for microsurgery is a recent development. Although it is considered as useful for several indications the apphcation of endoscopically assisted microsurgery is still restricted to a few specialized departments. In all fields of surgery the introduction of new techniques should require special training in the laboratory prior to chnical application. In the recent past this was true for microsurgery as weh as for the introduction of endoscopic techniques in general surgery (Bailey et al. 1991, Di Cataldo et al. 1998, Rosser et al. 1997, Royston et al. 1994, Zhang et al. 1998). During the years many papers have been published on several non-biological models and even on methods for evaluating the qualification of surgeons to perform microsurgery (Starkes et al. 1998, Steffens et al. 1992). As a consequence training is playing a crucial role when microsurgical techniques are performed with the aid of an endoscope. As in “classic” microsurgery the skill of doing fine work with hands without direct visuahsation should be a skill acquired prior to using it in the clinical situation.


Endoscopic Technique Vascular Anastomosis Endoscopic Equipment Cadaver Tissue Affordable Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Wien 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Koller
  • P. Giovanoli
  • M. Frey

There are no affiliations available

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