Extracranial Vertebral Artery Anatomy and Surgery

  • B. George
Part of the Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery book series (NEUROSURGERY, volume 27)


The vertebral artery (VA) is a vessel which most surgeons are reluctant to deal with. Very often the attitude during surgical exposure is to avoid to see it on the basis that staying at some distance will avoid problems. In fact the VA can be safely exposed and controlled on any of its segments. Moreover this exposure may be useful in many different pathologies either to permit a more radical removal if they are in close contact with the VA or to improve the access to them in some surgical approaches.


Vertebral Artery Transverse Process Posterior Arch Craniocervical Junction Anterolateral Approach 
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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. George
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryHôpital LariboisièreParisFrance

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